In the wild, birds breed year-round in the hollows of trees, where they independently take care of their offspring. In captivity, birds need help. Consider in the article the features of caring for chicks of budgies.
Hatched and born
Female budgerigars begin to prepare for the appearance of chicks in advance. At this moment, they begin to equip the house for their unborn children, and do it exclusively to their taste, using everything that they think is useful: cotton wool, foam rubber, pieces of cloth, twigs, paper and small household items. As soon as all the design decisions have finished, the mating season begins for males and females.
Usually birds mate after they have reached one and a half years, if done earlier, the cubs are born premature and sick, and stillbirth is not excluded. As a rule, the first egg is laid 16-20 days after the appearance of the nest, as soon as the bird lays the second, the female begins to hatch them. The number of eggs in the clutch varies from 4 to 12, they appear with a difference of 1.5 – 2 days.
The first parrot hatches for 18-21 days, all the rest are selected from the shell with the same time difference with which the eggs were laid.
As a rule, 10-13 days pass between the first and last chicks, but if there were a lot of eggs, then the whole process will take a little longer.
In order to hatch, the chick is forced to pierce the shell from the inside with a special egg goiter – it is located in the upper part of the mother’s beak. This is a rather time-consuming task, therefore it is only possible for those chicks who have fully formed inside their shelter and possess the necessary strength, health and strength. If such an occupation is not within the power of chicks, then mother always comes to the rescue – she quickly breaks through the shell with the punches of her strong beak.
Usually, the female uses the shell for food, it serves as a good source of calcium and contributes to the speedy recovery of the body of the young mother – after all, all the days preceding the birth of the cubs she led a rather passive lifestyle, leaving only to eat and drink no more than twice a day.
To help mother and baby to be born, parrot owners must maintain a favorable microclimate in the nest. If the air is too dry, then the inner film under the shell wraps the chick and simply sticks to it, which will inevitably lead to death. At the time of hatching, the humidity parameter near the "house" should be 60-65%, it is advisable to turn on a humidifier, an indoor fountain from time to time or simply place a vessel with water nearby.
What do newborns look like?
Those parrot breeders who believe that newborn birds look touching and affectionate are usually very disappointed – the sight that comes to their eyes after the chick has hatched cannot be considered attractive.
At this moment it is impossible to even imagine that in some 3-4 weeks the cub will become a beautiful exotic bird with bright plumage. The weight of a newborn parrot is only 1 gram, some types of parrots have red eyes. After 3 days, body weight increases 3-5 times, the weight of a young bird is gaining rapidly, because by the end of the first month it is no different in size from its parents.
Birds are born almost completely naked, only a weak fluff is present on the back.
After hatching, the chicks are blind and completely helpless, they have a disproportionately large head, an elongated neck and thin weak legs – this physiology makes it impossible for the chicks to move, and they spend the first day exclusively lying.
Consider how the development of the chicks looks by day.
- On the 6th day, the ovoid goiter disappears, immediately after this the chick becomes able to raise its head, the neck muscles gradually grow stronger, and the baby can already keep his head on weight.
- Weekly cubs make attempts to sit down and begin to open their eyes, and on day 10 their gaze becomes meaningful.
- After 12-14 days, the first feathers gradually grow first on the wings and in the occipital region. At the end of the third week, the plumage is finally formed, and coloring is established, the tail grows, the feathers of feathers grow, lengthen and open. At the same time, you can determine the sex of the chick. By the end of the first month, the feathers completely cover the body of the young bird.
- After about 40 days, the parrot makes its first attempt to fly.
We can safely say that it is in the first days of their lives that parrot chicks develop especially rapidly, so these days you need to make every effort to help kids create the foundation for their full development.
In the care of newborn budgies, the main role, of course, is played by the female. At this moment, she selflessly protects and protects each of her chicks, regardless of how many of them are and what is the state of their health. At this moment, the breeder’s breeder needs special attention – he must take care of his pets with double care, providing mother and father with balanced nutrition, vitamin and mineral supplements, maintaining perfect cleanliness and comfort of the home, as well as the silence and comfortable living conditions of captive chicks.
Do not forget that not only the newly made parents bear the burden of responsibility for the health of the kids, but also on their owners.
For the full development of young parrots, first of all, they need healthy and nutrient-rich food. In the first hours after birth, the baby eats its mother’s goiter milk – it is a complex of special mucous secretions with the inclusion of undigested pieces of food enriched with useful micro and macro elements.
Gradually, the feed is replaced with coarser, and on the 5-6th day the female already feeds her cubs with undigested grain, which is stored in advance in her goiter. The father parrot also participates in the replenishment of supplies and, along with the female, collects provisions in case all the kids do not have enough maternal food.
In some situations, it is necessary to resort to artificial feeding, this happens if the parents for some reason are unable or simply do not want to take care of their offspring:
- with the manifestation of aggression in relation to newborn parrots;
- if the brood is too large;
- when the chicks can not eat on their own or in the absence of their appetite;
- in cases where the female is preparing for a new masonry;
- at the death of one or both parents.
To understand when the participation of the owners is required, you should constantly monitor life in the nest. If a problem is found – you can try to transfer the chick to another pair, if there is none, then try to put the female away and give the baby in the care of his father.
If neither one or the other is possible, then you have to feed the chick artificially, for this use:
- specialized mixtures for chicks;
- boiled oat or buckwheat porridge with the addition of a few drops of carrot or beetroot juice:
- concentrated broth of oats;
- well-purified malt of germinated grains mixed with chopped boiled egg.