- How do parrots lay eggs
- After how many days and how the chicks hatch
- What do newborn chicks look like?
- Budgerigar chick development
- What to feed
- What care will be required
- How to find out gender
- How to tame a chick
- Why do chicks die
If you got budgies to breed these birds, you need to be prepared to help your pets at the crucial moment. Of course, birds themselves feed their chicks, but there are times when babies can’t survive without human intervention. In addition, you must create favorable conditions under which the female can lay and hatch eggs.
How do parrots lay eggs
Mating budgies can be from the age of 1-1.5 years. In order to “start” the instinct of procreation, in a cage with parrots it is necessary to hang a house or nest, lined with straw or sawdust. The female herself will continue to arrange the nest.
When it is completed, mating games will begin, at the end of which mating will occur. On average, 2-3 weeks pass after the nest is installed and before the first egg appears in it. A female ready to lay an egg will be immediately noticeable. Her lower abdomen is rounded, and her tail twitches to the beat of breathing.
Video: laying of eggs by budgies
After how many days and how the chicks hatch
19 days after the appearance of the first egg in the clutch, a chick hatches from it. Each subsequent baby will be born at the same interval with which the eggs were laid. The rapid appearance of chicks is facilitated by air humidity – it should be 60–65%.
In order for the chick to be born, it needs to break through the shell. The egg tooth helps him in this. But the baby will be able to break through the shell only if he has enough strength and health.
If the chick shows with all his strength that he is ready to hatch, but he does not have the strength to destroy the hard shell, his mother comes to his aid. She pierces the shell with her beak, thereby helping the baby get out of it. The parrot-mother eats the remains of the shell to replenish calcium reserves.
If the air in the nest was not humid enough, then the film under the shell can envelop the chick. In this case, only the female can help him.
What do newborn chicks look like?
Newborn chicks are not at all attractive in appearance. They are completely naked, with a disproportionately large head and a long neck, blind and deaf. Their weight is about one gram. The ability to see babies gain within a week.
Also this week they have a fluff, according to the color of which it is possible to judge the future color of the bird: light means that the feathers will be light, gray also indicates the normal color of the feathers.
Budgerigar chick development
Daily chick development:
What to feed
Their parents take full care of newborn parrots, but the owner must be ready to help them in difficult times.
Regardless of how many chicks were born and how old they are, the female closely monitors and cares for each. They cannot survive without her care. Mom begins to feed babies with goiter milk, consisting of mucous secretions and pieces of overcooked food containing protein, vitamins and minerals.
Video: female feeds the chicks In order for milk to contain all the necessary elements, the female must be given in addition to food:
- boiled egg
- sprouted millet
After three or four days, the milk is already diluted with almost digested grain, which the female accumulates in the goiter. The older the baby, the more he gets the digested food and the less goiter milk.
The father of the family rests with the care of the female, which is always near the babies and is absent only for a short period of time in the morning and evening to empty the intestines.
How to independently feed a budgerigar chick
Artificial feeding should be resorted to in such cases:
- the female left the nest for good;
- parents are aggressive towards newborns;
- chicks must be isolated from a sick brother;
- the chick refuses to eat or does not know how to do it;
- parents are dead or sick;
- parents cannot feed their own chicks;
- the female intends to lay her eggs again, but the babies have not yet left the nest.
To understand when it is necessary to help, you need to regularly monitor the life in the nest. If you find a problem, try to put the kids in another pair, if any, or give the male to be raised.
If the measures taken did not bring the desired result, you need to act quickly:
- Take a cardboard box and line it with velvet or sawdust.
- Place the newborns in it.
- Prepare feeding tools. You will need a syringe for five cubes without a needle and a soft tube with a diameter of 2.5 mm. Work on the edges of the tube so that they are not sharp.
- Start feeding. In the daytime, babies are fed every two hours, at night – every 4.
- Using the described device, the chicks are fed up to 20 days. Then switch to spoon feeding and 4 meals a day.
What care will be required
The main thing that is required of you in caring for the kids is to control their weight. Newborn budgies weigh 1 gram, and in the first two days there is an intensive weight gain. On average, during this period it increases by 200%. At 23-24 days of life, the chicks gain maximum weight. Then it gradually decreases, as the kids are actively moving.
From the 35th day young growth begins to fly out of the nest. Having warmed up a bit, the chicks come back. In the nest with their parents, they remain for another two weeks. Then they need to be transplanted into a separate large cage, where they will hone their flying skills.
When the chicks have left the nest, it must be inspected, checking whether a new masonry has been made. If it contains eggs stained with droppings, they must be carefully wiped and put in place.
How to find out gender
Determining the sex of young animals is possible only at 3-4 weeks of their life. To distinguish the male from the female, it is necessary to carefully study the color of the waxworm (growth on top at the base of the beak) of each individual. You need to spend a couple of days on this, since at a young age, the waxwort often changes color during the day.
For a female, the following features of the wax are characteristic:
- color scheme: shades of pink, light purple, blue;
- colored unevenly – around the nostrils there are pronounced bright circles, almost white, without any shade;
- purple beak can be in both boys and girls, but in females the wax will be with blue;
- pink colors of the waxing can be in the male, then you need to look at the uniformity of the color.
For a male:
- wax in lilac, purple, pink;
- uniform color;
- there may be circles around the nostrils, but with a blue tint;
- if the beak is purple, then the wax will be painted in pink.
Video: how to determine the sex of a budgie
How to tame a chick
It is advisable to start taming the chick at the age when he already leaves the nest on his own. If you start picking it up earlier, it can cause stress for both him and his parents. Having planted the young in a spacious cage, begin to accustom him to your presence.
First, be at the cage only when you sprinkle food and change water. If the parrot in your presence eats, drinks, makes a marafet, then go to the next stage. Talking affectionately to your pet, pass the treat through the bars.
After a while, give a treat in the palm of your hand through the door. All the time you need to speak kindly and not make sudden movements. Then try to remove the feeder for the night, and in the morning offer food in the palm of your hand. Along with feeding, try playing with your favorite pet toys. So you show that your hands are not a threat to him.
Why do chicks die
Parrots, even those born from healthy parents, can suddenly die.