“Food of the gods”, “a great gift from the heavenly inhabitants,“ eternal, undying, life-giving and cheerful ”- such characteristics were given to the amaranth 8 thousand years ago by the ancient Incas and Aztecs. And not without reason, because Amaranth really has miraculous properties.
What kind of plant is this? He is a relative of Shiritsa, a malicious weed in our gardens.
But this is a cultivated plant, imported from America by chance with the seeds of other plants back in the 30s of our century. Amaranth seeds are small, like poppy seeds, and the height of the plant is more than 2 m. And if it grows lonely, then one plant occupies an area of almost 1 m. Isn’t it a miracle that it grows out of a small seed in 3.5 months with such a splendid garland precious seeds, reddish or golden giant! Amaranth productivity is fantastic – on fertile lands – up to 2 thousand centners of high-quality green mass and up to 50 centners of seeds per hectare.
Amaranth is drought-and frost-resistant in the presence of a high agricultural background does not require top dressing, and animals eat it completely. He is a champion in protein content. Not without reason the Japanese equate the amaranth greens with the most high-calorie seafood – squid meat, because, in addition to protein, the amino acid most valuable to the human body – lysine is 2.5 times more than in wheat, willow 3.5 times more than in corn and other high-lysine cereals.
Academician Vavilov argued that in the near future, amaranth will feed humanity. American scientist D. Lenman called amaranth a culture of the XXI century, with which you can solve the food problem on a global scale.
Amaranth is a wonderful pet and bird food. If you feed its green mass (up to 25% of other feeds), piglets grow 2.5 times, and rabbits, nutria and chickens grow 2-3 times faster, milk production and milk fat significantly increase in cows and goats. The green mass of amaranth is fed to pigs with a small amount of dart, and the animals grow rapidly, gaining up to 60 kg of live weight in 4 months.
A large amount of vitamin C and carotene makes amaranth food especially valuable and has a good effect on animals and birds, so they do not get sick.
Amaranth silos well, but it is better to do this in a mixture with corn, sorghum. Since there are a lot of sugars in the green mass of corn, and a lot of protein in the green mass of amaranth, silage from them is much more nutritious than from amaranth itself.
But amaranth is also a wonderful product. It is used in the first and second courses, dried, salted and fermented like cabbage, pickled for the winter, prepared soft drinks, which are more expensive than Pepsi and Coca-Cola.
Amaranth oil has the highest price among vegetable oils and animal fats, surpasses sea buckthorn oil by 2 times in all respects and is used during the complex treatment of radiation sickness, and sprouted seeds are similar in composition to breast milk.
Scientists have found that amaranth has effective healing properties. Scientists attribute this to the fact that the seeds of amaranth are characterized by particularly strong biofields, which determine its miraculous healing properties. Or such a fact. Rickety chickens after a two-day feeding with amaranth seed remains (sex) immediately recovered. And further. All the owners of rabbits in the neighborhood had a case of animals – both adults and young animals. And for those who used amaranth as food, not a single one.
Amaranth – is especially effective for successful beekeeping.
Pantry squirrel, the culture of today and the future – as the biologists of the world call this plant. The experts of the UN Food Commission recognized it as a culture that will help provide the growing population of our planet with high-quality protein.
Growing and collecting amaranth
Amaranth sowing on the green mass, it is advisable to carry out with row spacing of 45 cm, then thinning out the crops after they reach a height of 20-25 cm, leave 10-12 plants per running meter. If for seeds, then with row spacing of 70 cm, leaving 4-5 plants per meter. Sowing dates are the same as for corn, when the soil warms up to 8-10 g. C heat.
After emergence, the main concern is to prevent the weeds from drowning them. Care is needed for three weeks, then amaranth itself oppresses all its “opponents”. Its roots are strong and can penetrate to soil waters, taking not only moisture, but also necessary mineral elements from there, which contributes to the formation of huge biomass. Thus, amaranth can play the role of an ameliorant and provide valuable food with high-quality protein.
For regions with risky farming, it is very promising, because under conditions of drought, it is capable of producing constant yields, and under optimal conditions, high yields of biomass and grain.
When collecting amaranth for therapeutic purposes, it must be borne in mind that it can be used on greens even when the plants reach a height of 25-30 cm; leaves can be collected from the lower tiers of plants throughout the summer until late autumn, while it is still growing, consumed for food, prepared for the winter and for the manufacture of medicinal preparations
Grain should be harvested when the upper leaves become cream-colored and the seeds have a sign of light shedding. It is necessary to dry the greens under a canopy, in drafts, without access to sunlight.
Keep amaranth It should be in a dry, dark and well-ventilated place, better hung in linen or paper bags.