- Conditions of detention
- Song parrots
Breeding parrots at home is, most often, the result of certain efforts on the part of the owners. In order to obtain offspring from feathered pets, it is necessary not only to take care of their health, but also to satisfy a number of bird needs: from the right pair to the correct placement of the nest.
Conditions of detention
If one pair of parrots lives in the cage, then the nest or birdhouse can be hung right there. If there are a lot of birds, then it is necessary either to provide all with separate "bedrooms", or place them in different cages. It is better to do this in the middle of spring, since summer is the most successful time for hatching. The reason for this is that this season has the most optimal daylight hours. In addition, in the summer months it is easier to provide pets with proper nutrition, rich in vitamins and essential microelements. In the summer, it will be easier for the birds to bear the loads associated with hatching and feeding the chicks.
The temperature, which should contribute to the awakening of the instinct of reproduction – 20-24 degrees. Humidity should be maintained at about 60-70%. For more accurate measurements, it is better to purchase a thermometer and hydrometer.
Cages for breeding parrots of any species should be of such a size that the parrot can at least freely open its wings, without risking breaking off feathers. The ideal cage is one in which birds can move freely.
Without the right pair, breeding parrots of most species is almost impossible. It is necessary to make sure that both future parents are from different families, since inbreeding is undesirable in a feathered environment. In addition, both birds must be young, healthy, otherwise the offspring will be unviable.
In order for parrot breeding to be successful, sympathy must arise between the birds. If the birds clean each other’s feathers, spend time together, kiss – the pair is a success.
The best age for breeding is around 18 months. The highest fecundity is observed in birds aged 2-4 years.
Breeding parrots at home requires close attention to the nutrition of pets. It is especially important to give green food rich in vitamins. Be sure to pamper your parrots with young branches of mountain ash, linden and birch, dandelion leaves, nettle. Fresh fruits and vegetables will also benefit the birds.
In addition, be sure to add to the feed cottage cheese, sprouted grains, eggs. Boiled egg should be given several times a week. To avoid vitamin D deficiency, a little fish oil can be added to the feed. To meet the increased requirements of birds for phosphorus and calcium, you can either add to the feed or put in a separate bowl chopped eggshell and chalk.
Most often, subject to the necessary conditions, 8-15 days after the start of mating, the female lays the first egg. Then, every 4-5 days, large breeds and small species, 1.5-3 days, lay another egg.
Most often, the shape of the eggs is oval, the color is dull white. 7-10 days after laying, you can find out whether the eggs are fertilized. To do this, you need to bring each of them to a burning lamp and look at the clearance. If blackout with a vascular network is visible – the egg is fertilized. Practice shows that young couples are able to give fewer chicks than birds of mature age. On average, small breeds of parrots land on clutches of 4-8 eggs, while large ones are enough for 2-4. If an empty egg is found in the masonry, it is better to leave it. The fact is that the female, when hatched, will warm him. And then it will give this heat to neighboring eggs, in which parrots develop.
In general, touching the eggs once again is not recommended, so as not to force the birds to drop the nest. If some egg is very dirty with excrement, it can be washed gently with warm water. If minor damage to the shell is found, this place can be sealed with a band-aid. However, remember that the chick begins to peck its container from the blunt end.
The incubation period varies for different types of parrots and lasts from 17 to 35 days. All this time, the female warms the eggs. They need to be heated up to 37 degrees, while moisturizing. The female does this with wet feathers, so be sure to make sure that there is always bathing water in the cage. The male feeds the female, therefore it is impossible to plant him for the period of incubation of eggs.
First one chick hatches. The rest will hatch at approximately the same frequency with which the eggs were laid. At a weekly age, their eyes open, after 3-4 days feather stumps appear. By day 15, the chicks are covered with feathers. Fully fledging they are 30-35 days. In 40-45 days they can be deposited in a separate cage.
The chicks peck the way to freedom as soon as they ripen and gain enough strength. Sometimes it happens that in one egg two chicks ripen – in this case they are twins.
Be that as it may, in order to get healthy offspring, it is very important to monitor the health and ensure proper care for your pets long before the breeding of parrots itself begins.
Many people believe that the work of life is, firstly, their own business, which also does not require large financial costs and brings pleasure. It is desirable that the pleasure was not only for the owner, but also for others. Those for whom these statements are relevant should consider breeding parrots as a business. Indeed, beautiful, cheerful feathered creatures not only cheer up their leprosy, but also decorate even the most unpretentious interior.
Many want to have an unpretentious pet at home. Therefore, problems with the sale of chicks will not arise. At the first stage of the formation of this business, you need to purchase cages for living birds. And, of course, by the parrots themselves. About two dozen different creatures. The place in which cages with birds will stand year-round should be well heated, be fairly bright and spacious. The better conditions the parrots manage to provide, the more healthy offspring they will be able to bring.
It should be borne in mind that some birds that prefer life in a flock (wavy, lovebirds, some other species of parrots) also breed “synchronously”. Therefore, the more pairs will simultaneously have access to the nests, the more offspring will result.
On average, a pair of birds can hatch about 5-7 chicks at a time. Independently, young parrots can live from 2 months. Most species of parrots can hatch chicks several times a year, which is undoubtedly very beneficial for business. But still it is worth taking breaks between clutches so that the birds have time to fully recover. In order to prevent a new masonry, just remove the house for breeding parrots or a nest from the cage.
A professional approach to breeding will make it possible to turn a simple hobby into a profitable business. When building your business, we must not forget about maintaining a high level of bird keeping, because only this is a guarantee of obtaining healthy chicks and a high income. It is worth showing patience, and then all efforts will be justified.
One of the interesting differences in the breeding of these birds is that sometimes it is not possible to pick up a pair of parrots of one subspecies. Then even experienced breeders allow crossbreeding between representatives of different subspecies.
For breeding, these parrots need a rather small house, but the size of the letka should be about 8 centimeters. The bottom of the house is lined with wood dust or sawdust.
Rosella incubation lasts 20 days. The male feeds the female, guards the nest. The independence of the chicks occurs in 8-10 weeks.
This type of parrot chooses a partner very carefully. If the rosella parrot does not feel affection for the intended partner, they will not breed. Therefore, it is better to give the birds a wide choice for pairing.
The maintenance and breeding of budgies is considered one of the easiest, in comparison with other types of birds, so these birds are in high demand among buyers. If you are interested in breeding parrots as a business, then this information will be important for you.
The ideal pair for breeding would be birds of the same age, although this is not necessary. The color of the pen in pairing is irrelevant. Age, preferably, should not exceed a year. Breeding budgies will be more successful if the house is hung from the outside. If the birds are kept in the aviary, the "birdhouse" should hang no lower than a meter above the ground. In the cage, in addition to food and water, there should be sand for swimming, ground chalk and shell.
All females can lay eggs, but not all chicks hatch. Therefore, their eggs must be checked for clearance necessarily. If they are all empty, they are thrown away.
The house for budgies should be about 25 centimeters in length, and 15. in width and height. At the bottom, 2-3 centimeters of sawdust are poured.
Hatching of chicks occurs on day 18-20. Parents should feed the chick no later than 12 hours after he was born. These days can not be looked into the house, otherwise the birds may not return there. You can look in without touching anything with your hands, not earlier than 10 days of young growth.
The male feeds the nursing female, which feeds the babies with goiter milk. While the chicks are not feathered, the male often should not go into the house. When the chicks get older, the responsibility of feeding the older one passes to the male. Upon reaching the youngest age of approximately 40 days, the oldest will be expelled by the mother from the nest.
If the house is not cleaned on time, the female herself will disperse the chicks and will lay new eggs. It should not be forgotten that the breeding of budgies is noticeably simplified with an increase in their number – flocking birds have the ability to "synchronize" breeding. So the more pairs, the more chicks you can get at the same time.
Corella parrots, breeding of which will not be difficult, still differ in some features. So, although the parrots are ready for breeding from six months, it’s worth birds at least one and a half years to breed. If you have acquired an adult bird that you are unsure of the correct contents, it is better not to allow it to mate for 5-6 months, all this time providing it with thorough and proper care. It is advisable to form a couple at a young age and maintain it all their lives, since these birds have very strong mating ties.
The craving for reproduction appears in them only when a long daylight hours come – at least 16-18 hours. At home, this can be an artificial day, but then you need to hold the birds on this for a short day – 8-10 light hours per day.
It is better to make the nest with wood, with a long pole, on which two birds can fit at once. The size of the nest should be such that two parents and chicks fit there. Fix the box outside the cage. You can not choose boxes varnished or from particleboard – the smell of glue and varnish scares both the birds themselves and their offspring. In addition, it negatively affects health. Sawdust or shavings of deciduous trees are placed at the bottom of the box. In the bottom (the board is not thinner than 2 cm), make a small indentation so that the eggs do not roll out over the nest.
Hatching begins after there are already 2-3 eggs in the nest. It is characteristic that the male incubates them, while the female reports more eggs. In general, these parrots sit on their eggs alternately. Most often, the male sits during the day, and the female at night.
Chicks aged 35-40 days fly out of the nest. From this moment, the female can begin to lay eggs for the next laying. This process can be continuous, which will lead to the death of the female. To avoid this, after the departure of the chickens of the second masonry, the house must be removed. Repeat the breeding season is not worth it after 6 months.
Chicks not younger than 7-8 months old can leave the parental cage and get new hosts. Only by this age do they become completely independent.
The breeding of lovebird parrots is not significantly different from the breeding of budgies. They put a house for them, small, about 20-25 centimeters, with a bottom area of about 17×17 cm. You do not need to make a litter on the bottom – instead, put thin twigs in the house and cage, which the female herself will split into fibers and make her a tender bed.
These birds incubate eggs for about 21-26 days. Parents feed their offspring on their own. Chicks leave the nest for 35-40 days, but their parents feed them for another 14 days. After this, the chicks can be planted in another cage. The best time for breeding is February-May and August-October. The reason is that the summer months are too dry for the eggs of these birds – frequent cases of embryo drying out.
In breeding necklace parrots taken at the age of 1-3 years. Birds contained in the aviary will give offspring without any problems, but the cellular content does not often give the desired result.
For successful breeding of offspring, increased humidity is necessary, therefore, in addition to the usual conditions, these birds put wet peat mixed with sawdust in the hatchery house. The eggs in the clutch are usually 2-4, which incubate for 21-30 days. Chicks acquire independence at the age of about 2 months, after which they can be planted in a separate cage.
The content of several pairs in one cage or aviary increases the possibility of inducing aggression in the males of these birds, which lead to the killing of their own chicks. Egg incubation occurs within 20-21 days. The male feeds the female, but does not sit on the eggs. Parents feed the chicks together. Departure from the nest occurs approximately on the 35th day, however, parents feed them for another 2-3 weeks.
Singing parrots are very popular. Their breeding, however, is fraught with some difficulties. The fact is that males very quickly learn aggressive behavior towards offspring. Up to the point that he often kills chicks, who have not yet fledged. For this reason, most breeders try to allow only young parrots to breed. If the male has destroyed at least one offspring, he is almost unsuitable for further breeding. You can try to put it in another cage after hatching, but there is a high probability that the female herself will not be able to cope with feeding.
Are you going to breed parrots for income or do it for yourself, the main thing that you need to remember and observe. First of all, you need to take care of the health of birds. Proper maintenance, free cells, fresh and varied food, responsible approach to pair selection. that’s the main thing that will make your birds healthy and happy. A healthy bird always has healthy offspring.