Cereals by weight and total nutritional value occupy the bulk of the diet of birds. This is explained by the fact that in their composition they are a very concentrated source of carbohydrates, and in addition, they contain protein, fat, minerals, vitamins and from 3 to 20% fiber.
Corn. This is one of the best bird feeds. In terms of total nutrition (energy content), it surpasses all other grain feeds and at the same time contains a lot of protein. yes 10%. In addition, there is very little fiber in corn, which makes it possible to feed its young in crushed form from the first days of life. It is also important that yellow varieties of corn contain a lot of carotene (a source of vitamin A). Use corn ground or crushed. In the diet of an egg-laying bird it is included up to 45. 50, and meat. up to 65. 70%. However, corn also has negative properties. It is poor in some essential amino acids, and there is little calcium in it. Therefore, when using corn, feed containing complete protein is added to the diet, as well as more carefully regulating the mineral part of the diet.
Wheat. It is widely used for feeding birds in all countries with developed poultry farming, especially where there are no conditions for growing corn on grain. Unlike other grains, wheat contains a slightly larger amount of protein, usually 12. 14%, it has more amino acids compared to other crops, relatively many B vitamins and vitamin E. In this regard, wheat, like corn, can be used as part of feed mixtures for adult chickens and young animals in an amount up to 50% of the total mass of feed. Given the value of this crop, the so-called feed wheat is usually included in the diet for birds, i.e. it does not meet the standard for food purposes, but unspoiled.
Barley. Barley grains, like a number of other cereal crops, are enclosed in a film membrane, consisting mainly of fiber not absorbed by the bird (the mass of films sometimes amounts to 15% of the total grain weight). In this regard, the fiber content in barley reaches 6%, or 2.3 times higher than in wheat. However, barley is generally suitable for feeding. It is given to birds as part of a flour mixture, and as a whole (adult individuals), while the grain is often used in sprouted form (before germination). Barley is inferior to corn and wheat in terms of total nutrition, but compared to oats, it is 20% higher. Chickens up to 40. 45 days of age, barley is fed only in milled form, pre-screening film. In the daily feed, it can be 30. 40% of the total amount of grain components.
Oats This is good food for both adult birds and chickens. It is fed in an amount of 10. 30% of the mass of dry feed. It is especially useful to give it to tribal birds. However, oats are often feeble. In this case, the content of fiber by the indigestible bird reaches a high level (films in such oats make up to 30%). Oats are given to chickens of various types of pheasants, partridges and peacocks peeled and chopped, it can also be used in sprouted or steamed form. For this purpose, the grain is poured with boiling water and boiled over low heat for 10.12 minutes in salted water, and then it is cooled, drained, and dried, given to the birds. On sale is also oatmeal, which can be given to birds of almost all ages.
Millet. It comes in several varieties: white, yellow, gray and red (the latter variety is richer than others with vitamin A). Birds eat this grain willingly. In practice, millet millet without a shell, which is used to make cool porridge, is more often used. Young animals up to 15 days of age are fed it at the rate of approximately 15. 20% of the mass of the grain portion of the diet, and from 60 days of age, also to adult birds. no more than 10%.
Sorghum. In recent years, this high-yielding crop has been cultivated more and more in some arid regions of our country. In foreign countries, in the diets for birds, sorghum is up to 40. 50% of the mass of grain feed, Its nutrition is higher than that of oats. However, the presence of coarse membranes does not allow the use of this food without preliminary preparation for young animals. A variety of grain sorghum (there is also sugar and broom) in the regions of Central Asia. Dzhugara, and in the Far East. kaoliang. The grain of these crops is also used for feeding birds.
Pheasant: keeping and breeding. A.I. Rakhmanov, B.F. Bessarabov