Commercially available domestic and foreign parrot feeds, in principle, satisfy the natural nutritional needs of Corelli. However, it is necessary to diversify the feeding as much as possible, bringing it closer to natural, to monitor the presence in the diet of the necessary amount of protein, mineral and vitamin feed. Good supplements to the nutrition of Corellia are chicory, dandelion leaves, weed seeds and seeds of sowing crops, carrot tops, celery. The bird will always be happy to eat fruits: apples, oranges, bananas and other "exotic". Tree branches and buds can be a good treat, but first you need to find out if they have been sprayed with chemicals. Any new product should be left in the cage for a while so that the bird can familiarize itself and try new food for it. Always leave the bird the right to choose food and do not offer it leftovers from your table, which can lead to serious gastrointestinal upsets. A good test for the suitability of grains and seeds offered to the bird is their germination. If it succeeds, then the food can be considered healthy for the bird’s stomach. Poor food can lead to illness.
The moisture content of the cereal does not matter for feeding the cornella, but with increased humidity it quickly deteriorates. Humidity contributes to the process of decomposition of organic substances, various microorganisms and molds develop more easily and intensively in grain. The moisture content of the grain can be approximately determined if it is bitten by teeth – dry grain crumbles, and wet grain is crushed and crumpled. In addition, wet grain can be cut with a knife and the halves remain in place, while dry grain bounces from each other. Grains with a moisture content of over 20% flatten when cut.
A variety of plant and animal components are added to soft feed mixtures. In addition to carrots and crushed crackers, wheat bran can be added to this mixture. They contain shells and a small number of wheat germ seeds. In a mixture with other feeds, they are of some value, as they are rich in phosphorus in the form of an organic compound – phytin, which has a laxative effect on the intestines. Bran also contains vitamins of group B. Wheat bran contains a lot of fiber – 7.5-10%, so they are poorly absorbed and are used in small quantities for feeding parrots. They are introduced into soft feed no more than 5 – 7% of the mass of soft feed.
Corellas are very undemanding to food, but their food should be varied: a grain mixture (millet. 35 g, oats. 30 g, sunflower seeds. 10 g, hemp. 1 g, wheat. 5 g, canary seed. 10 g, weed seeds herbs. 3 g, flaxseed. 1 g, corn. 5 g), crushed nuts, steamed oats and corn, low-fat fresh cottage cheese, grated carrots, cooked and chopped chicken egg, rolls, cookies, various cereals. Birds willingly eat grains of wheat and oats, especially in the stage of milk-wax ripeness. Green and succulent feeds are provided throughout the year in unlimited quantities. In the autumn-winter period, young branches of linden, mountain ash, birch, cherry, 1. 2 times a week must be put into the cage. sprigs of spruce or pine.
Separately, we describe the components of grain mixtures.
The grain mixture should contain millet most of all (up to 50-60%). It comes in several varieties: white, yellow, gray and red. Corellas eat millet red less willingly than other varieties, but it contains more carotene (provitamin A). Therefore, the diet must include all varieties of millet, but so that red is more than 40% of all varieties. Millet groats (millet without a shell) are suitable only for making steep millet porridge, which is especially useful during the period of feeding of chicks. It is impossible to give millet instead of millet, since during storage the millet is oxidized due to the lack of a shell and becomes unsuitable for eating in dry form. By its carbohydrate content, millet is superior to buckwheat, pearl barley, rice cereal and is better eaten by parrots in the form of porridge. In some places, a small variety of millet is cultivated – chumiza, which can also be included in the grain mixture for feeding the cornella.
Oats also belong to important components of the grain mixture. By the content of crude protein, it is equal to millet and contains a sufficient amount of carbohydrates. Partella oats are recommended to be given in a steamed form. Steamed oats are especially needed when feeding chicks by parrots. Oats 10 – 12 min. boil in slightly salted water; After draining the water and drying it slightly, it is given to the corals. If there is no oat, then instead of it, it is necessary to give oatmeal (oatmeal) in the grain mixture, which is oat purified from the shell. Oats or oatmeal should be up to 20 – 30% of the total weight of the mixture. When feeding parrots with one oatmeal or oats, constipation occurs. You can cook steep oatmeal from oatmeal, but the corals should get used to it. It is cooked in slightly salted water for about 30 minutes, then, as it cools down, it is laid out in a separate feeder as a soft feed.
Due to the low fat content, this cereal could be used in a grain mixture, but solid wheat is poorly eaten by corals, so it is most often fed separately in a half-mature or sprouted state. Sprouted wheat grains contain many vitamins E and B, which are necessary during the period of growth, molting and breeding of parrots. The grain is soaked in a dish and left for a day in a warm place (at 20-25 ° C), a day later, when the grain swells well, it is poured into low boxes with small openings for water drainage and better air access. Germination process is carried out in a dark room with daily wetting of the grain until a white sprout appears. You can germinate wheat in a photovanochka, daily moistening it with water. However, there is little calcium in wheat, so this should be taken into account when drawing up the diet.
Barley is also rarely used in dry form, as it is poorly eaten by corals. This cereal is given in a half-ripe or sprouted state, when it contains an increased amount of vitamins B and E. Barley can also be fed to parrots in a steamed form.
Canary seed is one of the best cereal feeds for Corellia, but it is expensive, since it is not cultivated in our country, but imported from abroad. These are seeds of a canary grass cereal plant that grows wild in the Canary Islands, from where it got its name. Along with canaries, seeds of this crop, which is now cultivated in the countries of Southern Europe, were also brought to Europe. Some lovers of Ukraine, the North Caucasus and even the Moscow region sow canary seed and provide their birds with full-fledged grain feed. It can be used both with other seeds in the mixture, or separately. Every amateur with a personal plot can cultivate this fodder plant. The canary is a heat and moisture-loving plant, which should be considered in its agricultural technology. In most areas of our country, canary seed should be sown in the first ten days of May. During presowing treatment, humus is introduced (5-6 kg per 1 m2). Sowing in rows in rows, with a distance between them of 15-18 cm, april about 3 cm. Seeding depth – 0.8-1 cm, which is of great importance for seed germination. The seeding rate is 8 – 10 g / m2, and the ratio of seed to crop is 1:20. The normal development of fodder culture provides constant and high-quality watering according to the following scheme: from sowing to emergence – every other day at a rate of 10-15 l / m2, from seedlings to heading – after two days at a rate of 20 – 25 l / m2, from the beginning headings before August 15 – 20 – in two days at a rate of 25-30 l / m2. The agricultural technique proposed by the amateur V. Astapov makes it possible to collect a good crop of canary seed grown on personal plots in the southern regions. In a grain mixture, canary seed can be up to 50%.
Corn is a good and complete food, but in dry form, due to the large grain size and hardness, it can only be eaten by porridge in the form of porridge. In terms of digestibility and energy, corn surpasses all other grain feeds, contains carotenoids, but is poor in essential amino acids and calcium. Therefore, in the diet of parrots, it should not be more than 20% of the mass of all feed. In the stage of wax ripeness, it is readily eaten by parrots, and corn grits are used to cook porridge. With long-term storage of corn on the cob under sheds or on platforms, its feed quality decreases, the fat contained in the grain is oxidized. Coral is not recommended to feed such grain or groats.
Legumes are superior in protein to all grains, in addition, they contain a sufficient amount of calcium and phosphorus. Of legumes, peas are most often used for feeding correllas, which are cooked as soft food, especially during the feeding of chicks by parrots. Mostly peeled peas go on sale, since its shell contains a lot of fiber, it is rough, so it is removed. Shelled peas are faster digested and easily absorbed by the body.
Corellas also readily eat peas in the form of green pods. Especially suitable for this are the varieties Inexhaustible, Zhigalova, Gudo Kelvedona. Corellas greedily eat green peas, but they should be accustomed to them and given in a limited amount, so as not to cause digestive upset.
The main food during the period of feeding the chicks is additional food, and especially soft. Violation of feeding during this period strongly affects not only adult birds, but also the development and vitality of the chicks. Therefore, nymphs most successfully breed in garden enclosures, where they are less dependent on humans. It is in such conditions that there are no difficulties with greens, sprouted seeds (when eating seeds from feeders, parrots scatter them, they sprout, and from time to time the ground is covered with fresh, tender shoots of plants). Parrots also successfully find mineral feeds in the soil, and all this, together with grain feed, gives the corals a varied diet, which affects their good growth and development. The use of complete feeding diets provides intensive egg laying of parrots, high hatchability and vitality of chicks. In cages, the reproduction of nymphs is less successful, for example, chicks fly off plucked by their parents, their development takes a little longer.
Water is also an important mineral. In the body of birds there are a lot of it. It is part of the cells and tissues of all organs. Corelli especially need water during the period of egg laying and feeding of the chicks. Otherwise, all processes occurring during the laying of eggs and the development of chicks are disrupted. The daily requirement of Corell for water depends on temperature and humidity, its content in feed and the activity of parrots. Of great importance is not only the quantity, but also the quality of the water. It should have room temperature, be fresh, clean and free from harmful impurities. Tap water for Corelli is of little use because of the chlorine dissolved in it, so it should be poured into the dishes early in the evening and left for several hours so that this element disappears and it becomes suitable for drinking. Corell, like other birds, receive water from three sources: drinking water, water contained in the feed, metabolic water, which appears as a result of the combustion of nutrients during their metabolism (1 g of fat gives 10.7 g of water, 5.5 g of carbohydrates, 4.1 g of protein). For wild correlates living in arid areas, often the main source of water is the water contained in the feed, as well as exchange water. Among these parrots is the budgerigar, which lives in the same areas as the corella.