- View description
- How to distinguish between a female and a male
- Conditions of detention
- How to choose a home for a parrot
- Budgie care
- Propagation Features
- Possible diseases
Budgerigars – birds that get along well with their owners, do not get bored in captivity, and therefore they are most often chosen by bird lovers as pets.
If you plan to accommodate these bright and sociable birds, then you need to familiarize yourself with information on how to care for a budgie.
This knowledge will help arrange a feathered pet with the most possible comfort for him.
Budgerigars upon reaching adulthood have the following physical indicators:
- body length – 17–20 cm;
- body weight – 40–45 g;
- tail length – up to 10 cm;
The bulk of budgerigars has the color of green feathers or a combination of green and yellow. Feathers of white, acid-yellow or blue feathers are found, such a color is inherent in breeds derived from directional selection.
In the occipital part of the head, on the wings and the back of the birds of this breed there are undulating dark stripes. The stripes are often located, on the head they are thin, gradually descending to the wings, the lines thicken, become sharper and brighter. Because of these lines, the parrots were called wavy. In young birds, before the first molt, the tail is much shorter than in adult parrots (6–8 cm).
The color of the eyes of these birds is dark blue, sometimes the iris of the eye is yellow or white. The eye of parrots is so arranged that it has a large angle of view.
Before you give your child a feathered friend, you need to find out how many budgies live at home. If the bird lives very little, then its death will become a serious psychological trauma for the child.
Parrots can live in your house from 5 to 15 years. The difficulty in determining the age of the bird is that both the young and the old (fifteen) parrots look the same. If you get an adult bird, you can not be sure of its age. The life span of birds depends on living conditions and on the diet.
A bird will live long if:
- The menu will regularly include fruits, vegetables and herbs;
- the bird cage will be spacious and comfortable;
- the parrot will fly freely at least once a day.
The color of the beak strong and curved downward in young parrots is dark, and in adult birds, the color of the cornea changes to bright yellow.
How to distinguish between a female and a male
In budgerigars, the male and the female can be distinguished by the color of the waxen (growth at the base of the beak).
What does the color of the waxen mean:
- light purple is a young male;
- bright blue – adult male;
- light blue – a young female;
- light brown or dark brown – sexually mature female.
The feathers on the forehead of the female have a fluorescent property and glow under the influence of ultraviolet light. Ornithologists are convinced that an unusual spot is provided by nature to attract males of this breed to the female.
Conditions of detention
Budgerigars come from Australia, where the climate is arid and hot, with rare heavy rains. Proper care of these birds involves keeping them in suitable climatic conditions so that the parrots feel comfortable at different periods of their life (at a time when birds molt, adapt or breed).
To ensure the correct conditions of detention, it is important to observe:
- light mode;
- temperature condition;
- permissible air humidity in the room where the cell is located.
Light mode for parrots
This mode implies not only the change of day and night, so that the birds are awake and sleeping on time, but also the brightness of the light in the room. Lighting is so important for birds because their eyesight is one of the most important organs of environmental perception. With the help of vision, birds navigate in space, choose the most suitable food.
Lack of light causes depressive conditions in parrots, abnormalities in behavioral reactions occur (birds begin to peck feathers in themselves and in other birds). Insufficient lighting causes interruptions in health – vitamin D is not enough in the body, and, as a result, parrot females fill the nest with unfertilized eggs, and male parrots lose interest in the opposite sex.
The light mode is very important for parrots and because its violation adversely affects the endocrine glands, which are located in the eye region.
For the parrots, the night period (the period of rest and sleep) is very important. If the birds do not have enough rest period, their immunity decreases, their irritability increases, and long-term stresses arise – the birds become sick.
Therefore, ornithologists recommend the owners – "night owls" who like to watch TV longer, cover the cage with the pet with a dark cloth so that light and sound do not interfere with it.
The daylight hours for parrots should be:
- in summer and spring – from 12 to 14 hours;
- in autumn and winter – from 10 to 12 hours.
Ultraviolet helps the body to produce vitamin D, which contributes to the firmness and elasticity of bone tissue. That is why the brightness of the lighting is very important.
In summer, it is useful for parrots to take sunbaths. To do this, choose morning, not hot hours. The bird cage is exposed to the sun for a while, the time of the first five procedures is no more than 5 minutes. After adapting the pet to the sun, the time for tanning is gradually increased to 30 minutes.
Daylight hours should not be too long or too short, as deviation to either side can lead to poor health of the bird.
The humidity in the room should be as close as possible to the natural habitats of the wavy. In Australia, rains are not frequent, but air humidity constantly fluctuates around 55–70%.
What threatens excessively dry air in the parrot room:
- skin diseases;
- feather loss and fragility;
- protracted molting period;
- depressed state;
- to the fact that the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose and mouth suffers;
- to a decrease in immunity;
- to increase the likelihood of respiratory and viral diseases.
In order to avoid these unpleasant consequences, the cell should always have a bath with water for swimming. Budgerigars flounder in water with pleasure.
Wavy feel bad at too high room temperatures. The optimum room temperature for their content is considered to be 22–25 ° С. You should protect the bird from sudden fluctuations in air temperature and drafts.
Parrots do not have sweat glands, so when they overheat, they raise their wings, open their beak and stretch their necks – this helps them lower their body temperature to an acceptable level.
How to determine heat stroke in a parrot:
- the bird has heavy breathing;
- trembling in the body;
- staggering on the legs;
- disorientation in space;
- loss of consciousness.
How to warm a bird
If the pet is sick and its body temperature has dropped significantly, it is important to warm the bird. For this, ordinary light bulbs (40-60 W) or special ornithological lamps for heating are perfect.
In winter, there are interruptions in heating, and in order to raise the air temperature, a heater can be installed in the room. When installing the heater, it is important to remember that it must not be placed next to the cage.
How to choose a home for a parrot
If the family came to the decision that a feathered pet is needed in the house, one needs to consider where and how it will live. To make the parrot comfortable and cozy, he needs his own house – a cage. There is an opinion that the absence of a cell causes the death of parrots before they reach the age of three. When choosing a cage, several factors must be taken into account: size, shape, height, density of the lattice, installation of devices necessary for the life of a bird.
Dimensions and shape
Budgerigars can be kept in cages of various shapes and sizes. The most convenient form is a rectangular spacious cage with a domed top. The lower part of the cage is made of solid wood or metal, and the walls and dome must be grated with a thin, durable wire. The wire for the grate should not be copper, since the pet can be poisoned by copper oxides by gnawing the wire.
If the pallet of the cage is made of soft wood, then the bird will constantly bite holes in it, and soon you will have to buy a new cage. In order for the bird to have something to chew on, cages of branches with thick knots should be installed in the cage. For one parrot, the cage size should not be less than 35 × 35 cm, and for a couple, the extremely small living area is 65 × 55 cm. The height of the bird’s house is not as important as its length and width, because the parrots do not fly in it, only they climb on the poles and ladders.
The frequency of the wire should create a lattice of such a density so that the bird could not stick its head in and get injured. The diameter of the wire should not be thicker than 2 mm, and the distance between the two wires should not exceed 15–20 mm. If the wire is located denser – this will make it difficult for the bird to view the room, it will get used to the hosts longer and will be less contact.
The size of the cage can be any, but the most acceptable one is where the parrot can calmly spread its wings. Parrots often perform such actions, thereby compensating for the lack of active movement.
It is also necessary to provide visits to the veterinarian. To do this, buy a small carrying cage. This cage has small dimensions (20 × 7 × 9 cm) and three walls impervious to sight, the lattice wall is only in front of the carrier. The opacity of the carrying cage is due to the fact that the bird experiences stress when moving outdoors or when it sees strangers.
After acquiring a cage, you need to equip it for the convenience of the bird. It has several poles. Such poles are located in places where a sitting parrot does not clog the litter with a drinker with water or a bowl with food, the tail of the bird should not reach the cage walls.
The following tree species are suitable for poles:
- oak, beech, maple, birch – these will be durable and strong support for sitting;
- willow – these will be healing hearts;
- apple tree, pear, cherry, plum, mountain ash – these will be “tasty” seats containing minerals and vitamins.
Drinking bowls and feeders are installed in the cage. There can be one or two containers for drinking, the water in them needs to be changed every day.
Usually you need three feeders:
- for mineral top dressing (crushed eggshell, red clay, sand, charcoal);
- for solid feed (millet and other cereals);
- for soft feed.
Birds love to swim, especially in the hot season, and use drinking bowls for this. During bathing, water is sprayed, the cell is polluted, fluff and feathers scatter in all directions. This can be avoided if you purchase a special bathing tank. This "bathing" has transparent walls that protect the cage from spray. It can be hung from the ceiling of the cage.
In order for the cell to always be clean, and the owner can quickly and conveniently clean it, the bottom of the cell is retractable. It is easy to pull out such a bottom, shake it out from the trash or wash it. At a height of 1.5 to 3 cm from the bottom, a fine-mesh network is fixed in the cage. Such a net is needed so that the birds do not glue the dirty food (dropped to the bottom of the cage and mixed with droppings).
Budgies are very curious birds, they need to stick their beak everywhere. When they are allowed to fly around the apartment, they are interested in everything, they try everything “by the tooth”. Owners need to provide for this bird feature and ensure pets safety in everything: in proper nutrition, in the interior of a bird house, in conditions for a walk around the apartment.
It is very important for future owners to become familiar with what budgies are eating at home, because ignorance in such an important issue can undermine the health of pets.
Most of the budgerigar’s diet is made up of different colors of millet (yellow, red and white). They do not refuse from oats, sunflower seeds, canaries and seeds of wild herbs. After a day, a soft mixture should be included in the bird menu: grated carrots, finely chopped chicken egg and nettles shabby in dry dust.
If the parrot has sat offspring, then a soft mixture should be given every day. You can change the components of this mixture and replace the carrots with red beets, and the testes with homemade cheese. After lunch, grated beetroot parrots can get smeared from head to toe in coloring juice and scare the owners with a creepy feather look for a couple of days.
In winter, sprouted grain feeds (a source of minerals and vitamins) are useful for the birds’ organism, and in summer, birds are given greens daily (lettuce leaves, dandelion leaves, parsley and dill leaves). It is necessary to ensure that the greens are not treated with insecticides, so that the parrots do not poison. Also in winter and summer in the cell should be present twigs of fruit trees, willow branches are very useful.
Periodically, you can treat your pet a piece of apple peeled from the skin, it is undesirable to give soft fruits (bananas) that can be clogged by goiter, and pieces of white bread dried in the oven to crunch.
What categorically should not be given to parrots:
- Rye bread;
- salt or salty foods.
Water in drinking bowls is changed every day to avoid stagnation. In winter, you can add a little lemon juice to drinking water, 15 drops of juice are mixed for every 150 g of water. Lemon juice serves as a source of vitamin C and at the same time disinfects water.
When parrots go through particularly difficult periods in their lives (they feed chicks, molt or have recently become ill), vitamins or fish oil are mixed with them in drink or food.
When a new tenant is wound up in the house, the owners need to foresee all situations that are dangerous for him and prevent them. Caring for budgies is not complicated, but it is worth remembering what is contraindicated for your pet.
Dangers lurking at home:
- open windows and doorways – a bird can fly out of the apartment and no longer find the way back;
- mirror surfaces made of glass – in flight, a parrot can hit them hard and get injured;
- electrical wiring – parrots love to chew on everything, if the shkodnik damages the insulation of the electric cable, then the bird can be shocked;
- poisonous indoor plants – for birds deadly lily, daffodil, amaryllis, dieffenbachia, digitalis, monstera, rhubarb, English ivy, croton. Conditionally edible for parrots: violet, aloe, ferns, edible fig, gardenia, grape ivy. Your pet can chew on these flowers and stay alive, but this is best avoided;
- cords from blinds and curtains-threads – the bird can get confused and die;
- smoldering cigarette or cigarette butts in an ashtray – a parrot can get burned or eat tobacco and poison;
- wide open freezers, washing machines, ventilation grilles – the curiosity of a bird can cause injury or death;
- water in the bathroom, an aquarium without a lid, a bucket of water – a parrot can drown in them;
- unhindered access to the bin – deciding to take a closer look at what’s interesting there, the bird can be taken out and thrown out along with the bin;
- household chemicals, markers, felt-tip pens, insecticides – getting into the gastrointestinal tract or into the respiratory system can tragically end;
- dogs and cats – the cat’s indifference to a feathered neighbor should not weaken your alertness;
- carelessness of the owners – an affectionate bird can settle down sideways to the sleeping owner, turning over to the other side, a person can crush a fragile pet;
- newspapers – newsprint as a litter in a cell pallet can become a source of lead poisoning;
- New Year’s garlands and toys – the parrot simply attracts the festive tinsel and sparkles, after eating which the bird can die, and the parrot must definitely try electric garlands on its teeth, which threatens with a shock.
Leaving for a short vacation (five to seven days), it is better to leave your pet at home and not give it to overexposure. Sadness over the missing owners of the bird will help to brighten up the familiar atmosphere, enough food and drink, home cage, toys, swings and mirrors. Transferring a cage with a parrot to relatives or acquaintances, you inflict a lot more trauma on the parrot than with your short absence.
It’s easier to start learning a little parrot, but it’s quite possible to teach the pronunciation of some words and adult birds. Both females and males are trained, but those in a pair of wavy refuse training. If a bird has learned to speak before it has found a soul mate, it will continue to talk and can teach it to its couple.
Before starting training classes, the owner must find an approach to his pet, gain his trust and love. The budgie must want to communicate himself, for this person needs to spend as much time with him as possible.
You can begin to talk with a parrot as soon as he ceases to be afraid of a person who has approached the cage. A conversation with affectionate intonations is the main element of taming the bird.
You need to contact your pet by name, usually the birds remember their name first. It’s good if the name has a rolling “p”, such a word is easily remembered and pronounced by parrots, but the birds also readily pronounce other humming names. Possible names for parrots:
If budgies have a pair, they willingly breed in the cage. At home, they mature for sexual relations by the age of four months, but the most successful reproductive age for the male and female comes after a year of life.
Parrots meticulously choose a mate and do not always agree with the choice of the owner. It is not uncommon for a female to refuse to let a parrot bought by her owner enter her. The bird has to be carried back.
In order to avoid such a situation, it is best to give the bird a choice of several partners that she likes – leave that one. They remain true to this choice forever. When the owners notice that the parrot begins to care for the female (cleans her feathers, wears pieces of delicious food and feeds from the beak), you can prepare for the appearance of offspring in the bird family.
In order for the birds to want to acquire offspring, they need to install a special house in the cage for hatching chicks. If there are several bird pairs in one cage, then each of them should have one house. If this condition is not met, the females will compete in battles among themselves for "living space."
Wavy plants most readily breed in the spring and summer, but you can get offspring from them in the winter. In a clutch there are usually six to ten eggs; the bird lays eggs every day or every other day. When all the eggs are laid, the mother sits down to hatch them. After 18 days, a new inhabitant appears in the cage, his siblings begin to hatch a day after him. The last chick emerges from the egg that was laid after the last.
Diseases found in budgies:
- poisoning – birds can be poisoned by household chemicals, stale food, vegetables, fruits or herbs treated with insecticides and chemicals, salt or salty foods. Before visiting the veterinarian, the patient should be given crushed black activated charcoal mixed in a spoon with boiled water, or a decoction of flax seed;
- the appearance of tumors – undulations are prone to tumors, which they develop rapidly and are poorly treated. If the tumor is small, the veterinarian can remove it surgically, unfortunately, such an operation is not always possible. Almost always, the occurrence of such a disease over time leads to the death of the bird;
- iodine deficiency – this disease is quite rare, it is often an excess of iodine in the body that harms the birds;
- broken legs and wings – the cause of injuries are falls from a height or impacts on a hard surface. As a first aid for fractures, you need to wind the damaged limb to a solid base with electrical tape and consult a veterinarian. Such injuries in birds heal quite quickly;
- concussion – can be obtained by hitting a wall, glass or mirror. The bird will behave unusually, shake its head, stagger. Only a veterinarian can determine if there is a concussion in the bird, but if there is a suspicion, the parrot should be placed in a small cage, slightly covered with dark tissue (twilight is created). At this time, the budgie is given the following medicines: nootropil or piracetam;
- colds – tropical birds react to drafts, cold air and viruses. A parrot may cough, runny nose, it will begin to sneeze. A bird with severe flu can have a heart complication.
The treatment of bird diseases should be handled by a specialist. Therefore, if the owner notices that his pet is not feeling well or was injured, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Now we know everything about budgies and see that there is nothing complicated in their contents, the care is not at all complicated. The owners need to make a little effort, affection and care, and in return they will receive the love of winged pets.