Budgerigars are very bright, funny and unpretentious pets. This species is one of the most famous and common among bird lovers. The main habitat in the wild is Australia.
Description of appearance
The name “wavy” comes from the plumage features, which resembles the waves located on the wings, back and head. Birds have rich feather colors and various shades. They can be monophonic – green, blue, yellow or white, or multi-colored, combining several colors.
Birds living in the wild have a plumage color as the dominant background – emerald green, and the head and neck bright yellow. In the process of breeding, a variety of colors of the bird with colorful plumage was derived.
Body length including tail about 20 centimeters. In flight, the parrot spreads its wings beautifully, which reach 10.5 cm each. The weight of an adult can be from 40 to 45 grams. Larger individuals weigh 50 grams. The budgerigar has very tenacious legs with long claws and a curved beak, which help cleverly cling to the rods and branches of trees. A strong beak is due to the anatomical structure. The long upper jaw is connected by a powerful tendon node to the skull.
The shade of the surface of the beak indicates age. Adult parrots are pale yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint. Chicks have a beak of a dark shade. In addition to good tenacity, the bird is able to easily grab, hold and carry objects. Beak is also used for crushing and grinding seeds, leaves, small branches. With the help of a beak, the feathered bird defends itself from attack, defends its territory, and protects the female.
At the base of the beak “wavy” there is a wax with nostrils. The surface color of the waxworm determines the feathered floor. In the male, the waxwax has a bright blue color, in the young male it is purple. The female’s wax color is brown or blue with white rims around the nostrils.
The structure of the fleshy tongue allows the parrot to perfectly copy various sounds. “Wavy” reproduce human speech very well and even connect learned words into sentences.
The most frisky, fast and attentive individuals in the wild can live up to 8 years. In most cases, this period is reduced to 4 years. This is due to death from predators, natural disasters, or starvation. At home, life expectancy increases several times. With proper care, pets live 10 to 15 years. Exceptions are individuals whose life span may be 20 years.
The life span of a pet depends on the conditions and environment of its habitat. Subject to all necessary and generally accepted standards for keeping the bird in captivity, the budgerigar will delight the owner for many years.
Parrot ticks on beak
The most common “wavy” diseases include:
- Colds (accompanied by a runny nose, weakness, and cough);
- Ticks and down-eaters;
- Poisoning and internal parasites.
Given the birthplace of origin, the bird feels comfortable in a warm, slightly moistened environment. To avoid colds, the “wavy” is contraindicated in drafts and sudden changes in temperature at its place of residence. The main manifestation of the disease is the discharge from the nostrils of a viscous transparent liquid and a very frequent sneezing of a pet.
Like all feathered birds, the body of a bird can be affected by ticks, poohoedov. The main symptoms of this disease is self-plucking feathers and fluff from the body. Bare spots appear on the surface, in certain cases with the release of blood. This suggests that the bird is itching and trying to get rid of it. In addition to the adult, the tick is very dangerous for the chicks. Tick infection can lead to the death of the newborn.
Loss of appetite, discoloration and consistency of litter, vomiting indicate the symptoms of both poisoning and the presence of internal parasites (worms in parrots are quite common). Timely administration of anthelmintic drugs even for preventive purposes helps to avoid problems with parasites in the future.
The pharmacology of modern veterinary pharmacies has a set of medicines and prophylactic drugs for stopping and getting rid of various diseases. As a rule, the fight against internal parasites or food poisoning is carried out by instillation of special drugs in the beak. Ticks, down-eaters are eliminated by sprays or powders. It is necessary to carefully study the instructions for applying the drug to the surface of the bird’s body.
The feeding of budgies includes both ready-made mixes and fresh foods. The composition of the finished dry mixes should include seeds of millet, oats, sunflower, canary and several meadow herbs. Such mixtures can be prepared independently. But this is not recommended if there is no confidence in the quality of the feed components used.
When purchasing ready-made feed, you should carefully familiarize yourself with the shelf life of the product. Food should exclude various dyes and hazardous chemical additives.
In addition to dry mixes, the diet should include fresh products:
- carrots, beets, apples, pears, peaches;
- cabbage leaves, sprouted greens;
- washed and disinfected branches of fruit trees;
- a small amount of boiled egg, a little fat-free cottage cheese, boiled buckwheat, rice without salt.
- spicy herbs (dill, parsley);
- raw potatoes;
- chocolate products;
- fresh bread;
- sugar and sugary drinks.
If the bird has the ability to move freely around the room, access to indoor plants such as dieffenbachia, euphorbia, narcissus, lily of the valley, asparagus should be excluded.
For a comfortable pet stay at home, you will need to purchase a cage with a minimum size of 304545 cm. These sizes contribute to the full straightening of the wings of the parrot inside the cage, eliminating injuries during intensive wing flapping.
The cage should be in a well-lit place, since the parrot needs a daylight, lasting from 10 to 14 hours. Direct sunlight is excluded to prevent overheating. It is advisable to install on a hill equal to the growth of the owner. It is not advisable to place the cell on the windowsill, except for the common cold of the pet.
The structure of the attached and internal equipment of the cell includes:
- Two or more horizontal poles;
- Feeders made of glass, plastic or stone;
- Drinking bowl;
- Mineral stone for turning the beak;
- A piece of chalk;
- Bath for bathing, with the possibility of removal after the procedures;
- Accessories for the game of the chick inside the cage, including stairs, rings, a mirror.
Do not overfill the inner space of the cage with elements of entertainment, leaving the bird a place for free movement.
Cleaning the cells "wave" is required daily. Once a month, it is recommended to further disinfect the cell and all equipment in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Proper care of budgies and attention to pets contribute to their healthy development and active life.