Feeding budgerigars with a balanced diet is the basis for their successful maintenance. Of all the animals on earth, birds have the highest body temperature of 41-42 degrees. Therefore, the metabolism in them, which determines their vital activity, is very fast. Budgies need to be replenished all the time, sometimes even a short fast leads to death. This means that the correct feeding of budgies plays an important role, insignificant, at first glance, omissions in the feeding regime can lead to an unsuccessful outcome.
Budgerigars are granivorous birds. At home, in Australia, they feed on various cereals, mainly the seeds of kangaroo grass. Under natural conditions, while searching for food, they find a huge variety of seeds, berries, branches, greens, small insects, which in captivity parrots cannot get. But living and multiplying in the cells, they easily get used to other feeds.
The main food for budgies is a grain mixture consisting of seeds of cultivated and wild plants. But cereal feed alone does not have a complete set of all the nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of the parrots. Therefore, periodically it is necessary to give birds additional and mineral feed, but in a smaller amount than grain. The favorite cereal feed, which is part of the mixture for budgies, is millet – white, yellow, red. It makes up 65% of the grain mixture. Replacing millet with millet is unacceptable, as this will lead to serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Another component is oats – 20%. If there is no oat, it can be replaced with oatmeal.
The third component of the grain mixture is canary seed – 10% of the whole mixture. This is the most nutritious food for parrots, containing protein, fats, phosphate lime, a certain amount of mineral salts and partially replacing a boiled chicken egg. However, excessive consumption of canary seed can cause obesity in the budgerigar.
It is also necessary to include small sunflower or hemp seeds (about 5%) in the composition for feeding budgies. Small sunflower should be fed raw. If these foods are poorly eaten, they should be given crushed.
Seeds of weeds – plantain and dandelion, which can be prepared for the whole winter, are also readily eaten by budgies. Spikelets of plantain should be collected in bouquets and hung in a dry place to dry. Dandelion seeds are harvested when white fluff appears on the heads. It must be cut with scissors, and the seeds collected in bags.
In addition to the grain mixture, budgies need to be given various additional foods: cereals, boiled chicken eggs, low-fat cottage cheese. Porridge should be crumbly, otherwise they will not eat parrots. Birds eat porridge made from crushed rice with the addition of millet. Parrots must be accustomed to this feed from an early age, otherwise adult birds are reluctant to eat it.
Cool boiled fresh chicken egg is an excellent nutritious and vitamin food for young birds, as well as during nesting. It contains protein, fats, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and vitamins A, B, D. The egg needs to be boiled for 7-8 minutes. Finely chopped, mixed with semolina or crushed white crackers, slightly salted chicken egg is given at the rate of 4-5 g per parrot.
Fresh cottage cheese is fed dry, mainly during the breeding of budgies. In order to make the cottage cheese dry, it is sprinkled with semolina, chopped with a knife and mixed. You can add a little grated carrots to this mixture – it is necessary for feeding budgies. Parrots eat such food with great appetite.
Fresh grated carrots, sometimes mixed with white breadcrumbs, are a useful, nutritious food for budgies. It is prepared quite simply. Carrots, grated, mixed with white crushed crackers in such a ratio that it does not stick to the fingers with stirring. You can add a little crushed dried herbs. Grated carrots are indispensable in winter and spring, when there is little greenery.
It is very useful to feed parrots, especially during the period of feeding chicks, sprouted grains of wheat, oats, barley, rye without soil. Such grains contain a lot of vitamins E, B. For germination, rinse the grains in the morning with warm water, drain it and pour it again, leaving it until the evening. Then wash the swollen seeds in a sieve under running water, then place in a vessel with water and leave it until morning. The next day, the grains “naklyuyutsya” and they can be fed in small quantities to the parrots. Sprouted grains should be washed daily with water so that they do not dry out and do not lose their beneficial properties.
Green food, which is a source of vitamins and mineral salts for budgies, gives birds in moderation. Parrots are very fond of apples, leaves of dandelion, woodlice, lettuce, cabbage. You can’t give parsley and dill – it acts on parrots like poison.
Watching your feathered pets you can determine their appetite. Usually a budgie needs 20-25 g of a grain mixture per day (a full tablespoon). If this is not enough, you can increase the rate. Young birds that have just flown out of the nest consume more feed than adults.
The grain mixture should be given so that the budgies eat it without a trace. With a large amount of feed, they will look for their favorite seeds, and leave others untouched. If you put less than the mixture in the feeder than required, the parrots will remain hungry. Both are harmful.
It is better to spread additional feed every other day. It is better to do this in the morning, so that they do not spoil or sour. At night, soft feeds and mixtures must be removed from the cage. In this case, you should not give these foods all together. It is better to follow the order.
Vegetables, fruits, greens should be given to budgies every day. A mineral stone or crayon must also be in the cell constantly.