- Features of the diet of canaries
- Adult Canary Nutrition
- The composition of the grain mixture for canaries
- Healthy supplements
- When the chicks hatched
- Allowed Products
- Prohibited Products
Maya Barsukova 03/27/2018
A balanced diet of canaries is the basis for determining the quality of life in captivity. Food affects the formation of the skeleton, plumage of a bird, singing abilities, life expectancy and the ability to reproduce healthy offspring. Therefore, before starting this bright and vocal bird at home, you need to study how and how to feed the canary at home.
Features of the diet of canaries
Nutrition of the canary should consist in mixing several types of feed. The constant use of one food by the bird is unacceptable, because there will not be a balance of necessary substances in it. Foods should saturate canaries with proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
For a good development, minerals, fiber and vitamins must be present in the diet.
Adult Canary Nutrition
- packaging must be airtight;
- the expiration date should not expire in the near future;
- food should have the designation: "for canaries."
The composition of the grain mixture for canaries
A full grain mixture should consist of at least 5-6 components, among which:
- rapeseed – 30-40%;
- canary seed – 20-30%;
- oats – 10-15%;
- white fine millet – up to 5%;
- hemp seed – up to 5%;
- flax – up to 5%;
- poppy seeds – 1-2%;
- seeds of chicory, white lettuce, plantain, dandelion, quinoa – up to 2%.
It is recommended to wash and heat the grain as a prophylaxis against parasites. During the period of growth and molting, it is useful to introduce wheat grains into the diet of canaries. But since wheat grain is very hard, it is soaked or sprouted. Germinated wheat is rich in vitamins E and B1, young sprouts of a bird peck with pleasure.
In a steamed form, to enrich the diet, sometimes they give grains of barley, buckwheat, rice and corn. Pumpkin, sunflower and flax seeds are sources of healthy vegetable oils and proteins. Canaries love to peck seeds, but you should not abuse them. They should not be more than 5% of the daily diet of birds.
An important part of the diet is fruits, berries and vegetables. They replenish nutrition with fiber, vitamins, minerals. It is useful to mix fresh pulp, such as carrots, with bran. Juices and pulp of seasonal fruits and berries improves the digestion of birds. It is also advisable sometimes to feed soaked dried fruits: dried apricots, prunes, apples and pears.
Additional sources of important trace elements and fiber are freshly broken branches of fruit and deciduous trees. It is especially important to offer them to birds in the spring, fixing cages between the rods. During this period, vegetation processes are actively going on, and the buds, bark and leaves are extremely useful, and are gladly gnawed by birds.
A valuable link in the diet is protein products of animal origin. Canaries offer boiled eggs and cottage cheese. Sometimes you can mix fish oil with food – 1-2 drops, and natural honey as a source of necessary enzymes.
- sunflower seeds;
- sprigs of apple, currant, maple, alder.
The cell should always have clean, soft water, which you need to change daily. It is important to have an extra tray with river sand, shell rock or crushed eggshells. You can purchase and fill up ready-made mineral fertilizers.
When the chicks hatched
- Preparing birds for mating. They increase the diet of foods rich in vitamin E, fiber, and protein. Animal feed is given 3-4 times a week for a quarter teaspoon per bird. Daily vegetables and fruits are offered: bell pepper, carrots, pumpkin, pear.
- Masonry and hatching. Increase the proportion of greenery, stop giving egg feed. It is important that there is plenty of water so that future parents have the opportunity to care for the eggshell.
- 2-3 days before hatching, the chicks resume egg food, full grain and fresh food.
- Feeding the chicks. When the chicks hatch, the presence of soft food is important. Grains are steamed, porridge made from barley, oats, wheat with the addition of grated vegetables is boiled on the water. Raw rice or wheat is sprouted.
For one canary, the following amount and ratio of ingredients, calculated per day, is considered a balanced diet:
- a mixture of seeds and cereals – 20 g;
- vegetables, fruits – half an apple, 1 tsp grated carrots, 1 leaf of cabbage or salad;
- protein food of animal origin – ¼ part of a steeply boiled egg, 1 tsp cottage cheese;
- greens in the form of grass or branches;
- porridge on water or steamed grains – 5 g;
- mineral mixture.
It is correct to give cereal mixtures 2 times a day at the same time of day. During the removal of chicks, the frequency of feeding is doubled. Vegetables and unsweetened fruits are given only in the morning, on an empty stomach. With liquid excrement, canaries are sealed with rice broth.
- balanced grain mixtures of 5-6 components;
- raw pumpkin and sunflower seeds;
- unsweetened or moderately sweet pitted fruits, berries;
- grated raw vegetables;
- fruit and vegetable purees for children of the first year of life;
- boiled eggs, crushed eggshell;
- low-fat cottage cheese;
- fresh soft legumes in pods;
- soaked dried fruits;
- young branches of fruit and deciduous trees and shrubs;
- boiled or filtered water.
Despite the availability and naturalness, some products are harmful to canaries. Among them:
- Raisins, grapes. Digestive upset, high in sugar.
- Branches of pear, oak, bird cherry. Harmful by the abundance of tannins.
- Coniferous branches. Contain resin.
- Poplar branches. Accumulate toxins.
- Bones from cherries, apricots, peaches. Their flesh is toxic.
- Parsley and other herbs. They cause allergies.
- Mango. Toxic to all birds.
- Potatoes. Contains a lot of starch.
- Hard tap water. Contains harmful salts.
It is dangerous to overfeed canaries. Birds living in cages move less and consume energy, so their diet is more compressed than that of birds in the wild. The number and balance of products must be strictly calculated so that feathered pets feel good and delighted the owners with their appearance and singing.