How to give germinated grain?
But if there is any, at first glance, even a slight omission in feeding, this can lead to the disease of your feathered friend. With improper feeding (when the diet is not balanced), the parrot is disturbed in metabolism and it becomes ill. If urgent measures are not taken, the parrot may die. Unfortunately, many amateurs underestimate this. It is often possible to observe how an inexperienced, as well as an amateur with great practice, feed parrots with one grain, most often sunflower.
There are also such lovers who feed a parrot meat, sauce, drink wine, etc. Being a very voracious creature by nature, he often greedily pounces on the offered treats, but indiscriminate food and monotonous feeding are harmful to him.
Not a single food taken separately has a complete set of all the necessary nutrients, therefore, in addition to the main food – the grain mixture, also additional and mineral food should be included in the diet for parrots.
Cereal mixture. The main food for parrots, in addition to loris, is a grain mixture consisting of seeds of cultivated and wild plants (the rest of the feed is given periodically and in smaller quantities).
The most significant part of the grain mixture for cockatoos, Amazonian and gray parrots is millet of several varieties: white, yellow, gray and red. Parrots eat white millet best, but other varieties of this cereal must be included in the mixture. Millet should be large, regular in shape and shiny, clean, without any smell and impurities. Millet has a pleasant sweet and floury flavor. A faded, darkened grain is not recommended for parrots.
Millet should be at least 30% of the total amount of the grain mixture for cockatoos, Amazonian and gray parrots, and for arar at least 20%.
Another component of the grain mixture is oatmeal, or oatmeal. It should be at least 45% for the cockatoo, Amazonian and gray parrots of the total amount of the grain mixture, and for the Arar at least 30%. It is recommended to replace part of oatmeal with oats and give it to parrots in a steamed form. In addition, oats can be germinated and given to all parrots in this form.
Wheat is also a valuable feed. These cereals give parrots in a half-ripe or sprouted state, since in dry form parrots usually do not eat wheat. Its sprouted grains contain many vitamins E and B, which are needed by parrots for metabolism, especially during molting.
To germinate cereal grains, rinse them with warm water in the morning, then pour in and leave until evening. In the evening, the water should be drained, and the swollen seeds should be washed in a sieve under a stream of cold water, after which they should be put back into the dishes and left without water until the morning. At a temperature of 20-25 ° C, wheat or oat grains usually germinate (peck) and in this form they can already be fed to parrots. Germinated grains need to be washed daily in running water so that they do not dry out, as parrots eat reluctantly dried grains and they lose a lot of vitamins. In the stage of wax ripeness and sprouted state, all parrots eat wheat.
Sunflower and various nuts (walnuts, cedar, manchurian, etc.) are an obligatory component of the grain mixture. Oilseeds contain a significant amount of fat, and parrots eat them most willingly, but in a grain mixture, sunflower should make up no more than 10-20% of the entire grain mixture.
In addition to the grain mixture for parrots, additional feed is needed – cereals, ant eggs, boiled chicken eggs, cottage cheese, white bread soaked in milk or sweet tea, carrot-cracker mixture. Porridge is boiled in milk, diluted with water, without butter, they must be crumbly.
Fruits, vegetables, berries and herbs are given to all parrots without exception in unlimited quantities, as they are a source of vitamins and minerals. From fruit, parrots especially like sweet apples, peaches, cherries, apricots; from vegetables – carrots, and from berries – mountain ash.
From greens, parrots should be given lettuce, spinach, dandelion, nettle, cabbage, and also fresh branches of deciduous trees. In winter, it is also recommended to grow fresh greens for parrots in boxes.
Mineral feed. A major role in the metabolism is played by mineral substances: macro- and microelements. With a lack of calcium, cobalt, manganese, zinc, iodine and other minerals, the growth and development of young animals is delayed, the skeleton is weakened, etc. Most often, parrots experience an acute shortage of calcium and phosphorus, since other minerals are usually present in the required amounts in feed and water. To make up for this shortcoming, parrots need to give pieces of chalk, dried shells from chicken eggs, shell rock, as well as charcoal and clean river sand. All these substances are best given in crushed, powdered form, adding to soft food. This is due to the fact that many individuals do not pay attention to mineral supplements and consume them when they are mixed with food. Salt should also be given to parrots in small amounts mixed with food, such as bread.
A very important mineral is water. Its quality is of great importance. Water should always be at room temperature, fresh, clean and free from harmful impurities. Tap water is not suitable for parrots, as it is highly chlorinated, and so that chlorine escapes from it, in the evening the water should be poured into the dishes and left for a while.