Domestic parrots are famous for their plumage. Breeders were able to bring out a lot of colors, there is a rare plumage, but parrots with a natural color are more common. The first health problems affect the state of the pen. Therefore, you should always pay close attention to the feathered pet.
The skin of any parrot consists of three layers:
- dermis – the main thin skin covering the entire body area;
- the epidermis is responsible for the formation of horny integuments;
- subcutaneous layer.
Most birds are covered with feathers. The plumage of parrots is necessary to maintain temperature and protect against external environmental factors. Chicks hatch bald, bona fide parents warm them with their heat. After a while, they have fluff. The first molt begins at the coral and budgies at the age of 4-6 months.
Each feather consists of an elastic barrel, allowing you to keep the desired shape. The fluff is in the lowest layer of plumage. And the contour feathers cover the entire body of the pet. Due to them, the body is streamlined and easy to fly. If you do not follow the plumage of parrots, then you can not notice many diseases. It is also necessary to regularly bathe a feathered pet.
How to bathe a domestic parrot?
Elementary hygiene procedures will save the bird from parasites and prevent unpleasant diseases. In the natural environment, budgies and corals clean their feathers in moist grass and sand. But at home, this process happens a little differently.
Many people care about the question of how often to bathe a parrot. In fact, there are no established norms; all birds take water procedures differently. In any case, professional breeders recommend putting out a bathing tray every week. As containers, you can purchase a special bath or put a deep plate. A bath of water is put in a cage. The parrot should get used to the water on its own, you can’t forcefully water the feathered friend with a stream of water. Corells love it when they are sprayed from the spray gun, an imitation of rain occurs.
During the water treatment, the windows close, through, adversely affect the health of the parrot. The water is poured warm and clean, as soon as the parrot has taken a bath, it is worth removing it. Otherwise, the bird will fool around and even drink dirty water. After the plumage gets wet, you can not let the parrot out of the cage. It will be difficult for him to fly, and he may get hurt.
Sometimes feathered pets show their owners on their own that it’s time to take a bath. They collect water in their beaks and begin to water their feathers, and even birds can tumble in wet greenery. These procedures are necessary to maintain the plumage clean. Cleanliness in the cage and well-groomed feathers are a clear sign of the health of a feathered pet.
All about molting domestic parrots
Almost everyone knows that pets molt every season. For birds, this property is also characteristic. Professionals have established two types of molting.
Juvenile molting is characteristic of young individuals. It begins with three months and can last 30–90 days. At this time, the bird throws off its original fluff, she has real feathers. The appearance of the chicks is unattractive, in some places receding hairline. It is important to include vegetables and fruits in the diet of the feathered pet, but before that it is worth studying in detail what you can eat the budgie and the cockatiel.
Periodic molting occurs twice a year, it lasts about 30 days. These transformations on the body of a bird are almost invisible to the human eye, but fluff and feathers appear in the cage. Tail and fly feathers are changed last. This process is controlled by hormones secreted by the thyroid gland. If molting is strange, then this is a clear sign that the parrot has a thyroid problem.
Sometimes feathers fall out not at all due to molting, but in the process of some disease. Therefore, you can not ignore the excess pen in the cell, this can be an alarm.
Why do parrots drop feathers?
Shedding is the natural process of pen loss. But sometimes health problems can occur due to improper care of the cockatiels and budgies. Most often, falling out of a pen indicates the shock state of a feathered pet. For example, the corals are very shy, so excessive noise or strangers can unintentionally scare them. They panic and lose their feathers. Visible feather loss occurs in the tail area. To stop this process, it is necessary to create all conditions so that the bird calms down.
A varied food, in the end, will cause vitamin deficiency, provoking the feather to fall out. You can’t feed a feathered friend with one grain, the menu of parrots should contain vegetables, fruits and even sprouted grain. But it is worth remembering that not all products are useful to the feathered baby.
Sometimes the body of a parrot bald in pieces, this indicates that the skin was attacked by ticks or fungal diseases. To see the parasite will have to look at the feathers that fell out. As a rule, there are characteristic holes on the rod, and even drops of blood on the end. And on the skin itself there are inflamed foci with hardening and peeling.
Violation of the hormonal background can also provoke a molt of a parrot. If you do not pay attention to the feather falling out in the early stages, then you won’t be able to save the bird. Need hormone therapy, which is prescribed by professional veterinarians. And budgies are prone to such an unpleasant disease as French molting. One-year-old chicks suffer from it, while the fly and tail feathers are affected. The bird cannot fly and moves in small leaps; in nature, budgies cannot survive with this disease. Veterinarians claim that the disease is inherited and arises from a lack of protein food. Such individuals sit on a special diet and do not fly out of the cage.
In healthy parrots, the feather overflows and intermittent molting occurs. If the plumage falls out just like that, then you should immediately contact a professional.