- How and what to feed the average parrot? What components of the diet are most important, and how to prepare them so as not to poison the bird? We tried to find answers to these questions.
How and what to feed the average parrot? What components of the diet are most important, and how to prepare them so as not to poison the bird? We tried to find answers to these questions.
Use ready-made feed of domestic or imported production is necessary with caution. Reasons: imported feeds too often cause poisoning (improper storage conditions, saturation with vitamin supplements), in domestic – improper grain balance, moreover, the grains are often processed with chemicals from rodents.
Dry feed mixtures for parrots should consist of the following volume parts:
- 1 part millet,
- 1 part oats,
- 1 part corn
- 1/3 part nuts
- 1/3 part buckwheat (or wheat),
- 1/3 of the seeds.
In total, 4 parts are obtained, consisting of 6 types of grain. Everything pours out into a fine-grained sieve (so that the millet does not spill out) and mixes very carefully. A sieve is used to remove small debris from the feed mixture. The resulting grain mixture is stored in a tissue bag. The feed mixture should be in excess in the parrot’s feeder (it is better to overfeed than to underfeed).
Fruits and greens
For parrots, the daily presence in the diet of slices of at least one of the sweet fruits (and preferably two or more) is very important: apples, pomegranates, citrus fruits, pears, bananas, rowan berries, cherries, grapes, etc. Lettuce can be recommended from greens. All fruits and greens must be thoroughly washed; citrus fruits must be peeled.
Grain germination and branch feed
It should be remembered that in nature, parrots eat food in a state of milk-wax ripeness, which is much more useful than dry grain mix. Therefore, germinated grain must be included in the diet, its bird should eat as often as possible. For germination, wheat, corn, seeds, peanuts and oats are mainly used.
It is simple to get sprouted grain: in the package from under yogurt 5-7 holes are made from the bottom. Sprouting grain spills out with a layer of 2 cm and is thoroughly washed with warm water. The grain mixture is placed in water, filled with water 1 cm, covered with gauze and put in a dark place. 4-5 times a day, the grain mixture is thoroughly washed with warm water. After a day, the already swollen grain can be given to the parrot in the feeder. After two days, seedlings appear, and the germinated grain has the most useful properties.
Branch feed is especially rich in vitamins and minerals in the spring during the period of kidney swelling. You can use branches of mountain ash or branches of fruit trees. It is necessary to harvest branches outside the city and not near roads.
Minerals must be constantly present in the diet of the parrot. Partially, calcium and phosphorus are found in fodder crops, however, the addition of crushed eggshells (from steeply boiled eggs) 1-2 times a week is necessary when preparing a complete feed ration. Eggshell (chopped) from 1 egg is poured into a feeder with dry food and given to a parrot, after 3-4 hours the remaining food and shells are discarded, and the feeder is thoroughly washed (to avoid poisoning by the rest of the eggs on the shell).
Conventional tablets (calcium gluconate) can also be a source of calcium. One or two tablets are ground and added to dry food 1-2 times a week (although the shell of the eggs is more desirable).
As a necessary source of mineral feed and some types of fat, you can use low-fat soft cottage cheese (especially for cockatoos). Cottage cheese is put in a cage for 1 hour once a week, and during molting – 2 times a week in the amount of 1 tablespoon per bird.
Charcoal birch charcoal and coarse sand washed and calcined in the oven should always be in a cage with a parrot. Crushed activated carbon tablets can be used as a source of coal. Charcoal reduces the formation of gases and liquids in the intestines and prevents digestion disturbance (at least one seed with a toxin may appear in any feed mixture). Some lovers add charcoal to the dry food feeder at each feeding.
If the parrot does not eat fruit
If the parrot does not eat fruit, then this will certainly lead to vitamin deficiency, and subsequently to the death of the bird. To avoid this parrot, you need to gradually accustom to eat new food. Fruits (slices of apple, orange, banana) are cut into pieces to the size of a grain of corn, sprinkled with dry food (preferably without nuts and seeds) and give a parrot for the whole day. This mixture is put instead of a dry grain mixture 1-2 times a week, gradually increasing the size of pieces of fruit. On days when such a mixture is not placed, the parrot is given ordinary pieces of fruit, and a slice of lemon (vitamin C) is squeezed into the drinker.
Vitamin supplements and drugs
If the parrot gets all of the above, then vitamin supplements to the parrot are not needed, and often simply harmful. In difficult times for a parrot (molting or spring), homeopathic remedies can be used to improve metabolism.
Published on the site: 04/07/2012