- What is the difference between feeding and feeding?
- What you can not feed the birds
- How to feed the birds
The winter season is a very difficult period for birds. With the onset of frost, it is becoming increasingly difficult for them to find food: insects hibernated, most trees were left without fruit, snow covered the grass and the ground, where you could still find the seeds.
There are always caring people ready to help feathered friends survive hard times. They make and install feeders and other feeding platforms on trees. But, as you know, you can do harm with care. To avoid this, it is necessary to clearly understand: you can not feed the feathered wards, you can only feed them!
What is the difference between feeding and feeding?
If you feed the birds, then they will eat throughout the day only that food that will be offered to them in the feeder.
When feeding birds, the birds will have to replenish their daily diet with those reserves that they find in nature, and this indicates a useful variety of food.
Judge for yourselves, mainly seeds and lard are waiting for them on the feeder, but scurrying around in search of food, sparrows, tits and other birds carefully check the bark of trees for the presence of insects or their larvae hidden there, stir up loose snow in search of various seeds.
In addition, it is likely that with a feeder constantly filled to the brim, the birds will stop looking for other food, and a uniform diet (if it is also oversaturated with fats) will inevitably lead to liver diseases. So it turns out that instead of benefit, we inflict tangible harm to the birds.
The most faithful and beneficial for birds will adhere to a certain regime. To do this, you will need to fill the feeders at the same time. About one to two times a day. If the sparrows immediately pulled apart the food you sprinkled, do not sprinkle another serving. Hold fast, no matter how they “beg” you.
What you can not feed the birds
Some "usual" foods for feeding (salted nuts, coconut, chips, lard) are harmful to birds and, in most cases, even deadly. These include fried and salty foods. Salt in excess accumulates very quickly in the body of birds, which their excretory system cannot cope with, and this threatens poisoning. Fried foods harm the liver, since it seems that the beneficial substances contained in the grains, when frying, fats tend to change their structure.
It is strictly forbidden to use rancid grains, moldy and spoiled food with an unpleasant odor as bird food. In such products, the content of toxins is high. This threatens to weaken the body, which ultimately leads to disease and death of the bird.
Brown bread or any other rye bread, which contains a large amount of water, is also an extremely dangerous product for birds. Firstly, rye starch is one of the substances poorly absorbed by the body of a bird. Secondly, unlike white bread, brown bread has much more moisture, and its acidity is significantly increased. This often leads to excessive fermentation in the intestine, and inversion of the intestines is not excluded.
The millet has a negative effect on the bird organism. This is due to the fact that millet, unlike the same millet, is devoid of a protective shell, as a result of which fats on its surface are oxidized and toxic substances and microorganisms appear that develop diseases.
How to feed the birds
Feeding can be arranged for almost all types of birds. You can prepare for this noble cause in the summer.
For example, after eating watermelons and melons, collect their seeds and dry. In winter, they will be very pleased to feast on tits. They will also be happy with pumpkin and sunflower seeds (but not in the fried version!), Hemp seeds.
You can safely put cottage cheese (medium fat content) into the feeder, which is mixed with white breadcrumbs, an egg, hard-boiled and grated into crumbs, as well as a fresh apple’s titmouse. On frosty days, pieces of unsalted lard and meat can be fed. Tits and bread crumbs are welcome. Only, it is better to use stale bread, because fresh in the cold freezes.
Glad will be bread crumbs sparrows and pigeons. But it is best to feed urban birds with wheat, barley or cooked cereal mix. If you take cereals, the most useful is pearl barley (in fact, this is peeled barley). Dense oat flakes (not instant) are great for feeding sizars. Small amounts of unroasted sunflower seeds will be helpful. Sparrows eat the same food as pigeons, except for barley, which is harsh for them.
Waterfowl will be most pleased with the grain mixture, wheat or compound feed (used for chickens). But there is a problem: this food is drowning in water. For this reason, an alternative to white bread is not easy to find. Less willing to eat ducks are unroasted seeds that do not drown in water.
Grasses are dried in the feeding for bullfinches in summer and autumn. They love quinoa, nettle, burdock.
Blackbirds and waxwings will be especially pleased with clusters of berries such as viburnum, mountain ash, red and black elderberries. Bullfinchs also relish them with great desire, but unlike their counterparts, they do not eat berries themselves, but seeds.
Forest dwellers such as nuthatch, jays and woodpeckers often go to the feeders, where tits are fed, so they stay in common schools. If the nuthatch first pounced on the posted meat and slices of fat, then jays eat almost everything. They are also big lovers of acorns.