- What can be eaten by budgies?
- How to feed budgies
- What kind of fruit can a parrot: list and feeding tips
- What can not feed budgies?
The diet of budgies is the basis for further successful development and reproduction.
Budgerigars are small birds and their metabolic rate is very high, so it is very important that the parrot never starves. It should be borne in mind that different grains have different nutritional value, therefore, at least 6 different types of grains must be included in the diet to provide a full range of nutrients.
- cereal seeds, including millet, wheat, oats and canary seed. These grains are high in carbohydrates and almost free of fats.
- another type of grains, such as hemp, flaxseed, rapeseed, sunflower seeds, on the contrary, contain few carbohydrates, but they have a relatively high percentage of fat and vitamin E, which is especially necessary for birds during molting. It should be noted that grains containing a large amount of fat must be given to birds in small quantities in order to avoid problems with the liver and obesity.
Often, prepared cereal mixtures contain iodine and calcium, and vitamin supplements, such as vitamins A, D, and K.
If you yourself compose a diet for a budgie, then try to make a large proportion of the seeds of grain crops, and high-calorie seeds (such as sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, etc.) were fewer, otherwise it can lead to obesity of the budgie.
It is difficult enough to balance the mixture yourself, most likely a deficiency of nutrients, or vitamins. For example: with iodine deficiency, the thyroid gland may increase, which will lead to difficulty breathing.
Therefore, I recommend using ready-made mixtures, the most common brands:
- JR Farm (Germany),
- Sluis (Holland),
- Kiki (Spain),
- Festival (Denmark),
- Cliffi (Italy).
After eating, there is a lot of husk from the seeds left in the feeder, which must be blown off and added to fresh food, or completely changed. If the feeder is too deep, a lot of seeds will remain at the bottom.
Chumiza (Senegalese millet) is a favorite treat of budgies and they often prefer it to cereal mixtures. Ears of grains are well absorbed by the body of the bird. This is especially important for feeding chicks, sick birds, as well as birds before the breeding season. Before you give the parrot a chumis, it is better to rinse it with warm water to reduce the amount of dust on it.
In addition to seeds, budgies need to be given small amounts of plant foods.
Fruits and berries that can be given to a budgie:
Vegetables that can be given to budgies:
What can not be given to a budgie:
avocado, mango, nuts, papaya, persimmon, rye, brown bread and other baked goods.
All fruits and fresh herbs must be thoroughly washed. You shouldn’t give too much fruit or greens, because after eating fruit, the budgerigar may not eat the main food, which contains the necessary elements. Some breeders give a hard-boiled egg (as an additional source of protein) in the form of an egg-cracker mixture during breeding and molting.
It is very important that the parrot has a healthy beak. Various kinds of deformations and growths can lead to weight loss and in some cases lead to the death of a budgie.
Therefore, in order for the parrot to put its beak in order in the cage, it is necessary to hang a cuttlefish block (an additional source of calcium) or any mineral stone.
Also, it is advisable to hang a separate feeding trough with a mineral mixture in the cage, consisting of calcined river sand, limestone, limestone and a bit of charcoal. Good ready-made mixtures – RIO or Biogrit from Padovan.
In addition to the mineral mixture, the cell must contain both mineral stone and sepia (cuttlefish shell). Recommended stones:
The amount of food that a wavy needs is dependent on its level of activity. If the bird lives in a relatively small cage, then it needs less food than an aviary. Energy requirements also increase during molting and egg laying, as well as during the cold season. It was estimated that the budgerigar requires about 3200 kcal of energy per kg of body weight.
If you plan to replace the feed, you must do it gradually before, during the week mixing the new feed into the old one, gradually increasing the amount of new.
In nature, the budgerigar can do without water for up to 150 days, because the body has adapted to survive in the desert. But at home, water should always be in the drinker.
It is necessary to change the water in the drinker every day, it is better to use the water or bottled children’s water such as Agush / FrutoNyanya, or from a good filter. In extreme cases, it will be suitable – standing water. Boiled water does not bear any benefit.
For a budgie, it is "dead" and does not contain electrolytes necessary for normal cardiac activity.
Separately, it is recommended to put a saucer with water for swimming.
Some breeders believe that milk is acceptable, but the corrugated digestive system is not suitable for digesting a high concentration of lactose and other components. Therefore, avoid giving milk to a budgie.
What can be eaten by budgies?
The acquisition of any pet is not only a great joy, but also a huge responsibility. After all, his health, life expectancy and even mood depend on quality timely care and a balanced diet.
Unfortunately, quite often it happens that the owners of cute feathered pets, wanting to pamper them with something tasty, offer completely unsuitable products, without even thinking about whether a piece of chocolate will become fatal for a bird and whether it is possible to give a wavy parrot bread. But such culinary delights can cause serious health problems for pets.
Therefore, before acquiring a feathered pet, you should find out what the budgies are eating, and approach the choice of food with maximum responsibility.
As the main "dish", the parrots can offer ready-made feed containing the necessary vitamin and mineral complexes.
As a rule, they include a mixture of various crops, the bulk of which is millet, oats; and as additives can be used sunflower seeds, flax, hemp, canary seed.
The finished feed may also contain various seeds of wild herbs, and even pieces of dried fruit.
You can give budgies and unroasted pumpkin and sunflower seeds, but in a limited amount, since sunflower seeds have a high content of vegetable fats.
No matter how nutritious the grain feed is, it is still not able to provide the pet with everything necessary. For health, a full life, and just for fun, food for budgies should be more diverse.
Often, for better absorption of feed, wheat, oats and millet are first germinated. At the same time, the vitamin composition of cereals increases.
You can give budgies:
- boiled millet
- Brown rice,
- corn grits
- pearl barley
- barley and other cereals.
Porridge is boiled in water, without any additives.
It is advisable not to digest cereals so that the feed structure is loose. Germinated and boiled cereals quickly deteriorate, so leaving this food in the trough for a long time is not recommended.
What fruits are useful to budgies
Everyone knows about the benefits of fruits from early childhood – this is not only a treat, but also a real storehouse of vitamins. However, are they all useful for birds? And what kind of fruits can parrots be given? Can a budgie a banana or grapes? How often to give your fruit fruit?
The list of forbidden fruits that can cause serious intoxication of the avian organism is small: persimmon, avocado, papaya, mango. All other fruits and berries for parrots are very useful. Vitamin delicacies in moderation by feathered can be consumed daily.
Apples and pears must be thoroughly washed and removed from the fruit seeds, the chemical composition of which is not very suitable for parrots. Pineapple must be ripe. You should not offer canned fruits to the wavy. Banana and kiwi must first be cleaned.
Plum, peach, apricot – contain a lot of useful trace elements and vitamins. Citrus fruits make up for vitamin C. They also need to be cleaned. Grapes are a fairly powerful antioxidant. For parrots, no more than 5 berries per week are enough.
Pomegranate – has a useful vitamin composition.
Berries should be given to pets only during the ripening season. In this case, it is more likely that they lack chemicals.
Vegetable menu for parrots
Before offering budgies, vegetables must be washed very carefully. If there is a suspicion of an overestimated nitrate content, vegetables can be soaked for two hours in water – nitrates dissolve and, for the most part, are excreted. The birds prefer that the vegetables are grated or finely chopped.
All other vegetables for birds are considered useful, but some nuances must be taken into account:
Beans, green peas, corn can be offered to pets only in season and only in slightly unripe form. If the beans have fully ripened, substances indigestible for birds accumulate in it, which can be eliminated only during prolonged cooking.
Green salad, spinach is fed in very moderate portions to avoid indigestion. The tomato should be completely ripe. Green areas of the fetus must be cut out, since the alkaline solanin contained in it is harmful to birds.
In no case should you offer the pet tomato leaves.
Chinese cabbage in solid petioles accumulates nitrates, so it is advisable for birds to feed only the green part of the leaf. White cabbage. To the question whether cabbage can be given to budgies, there is still no definite answer.
Some birds readily eat it without any side effects, and some have indigestion. In any case, cabbage leaf is recommended to pre-pour boiling water. Carrots are considered the most valuable food. It is offered in grated form in a mixture with other components, for example, a boiled egg.
Cucumber is able to accumulate nitrates, therefore it is better not to feed the purchased products to a parrot.
The role of greens in the nutrition of budgies
Do not underestimate the role of leafy plants and vegetables in the nutrition of parrots. Fresh herbs contain a surprisingly rich complex of vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which has the ability to be perfectly absorbed.
It must be taken into account that we are talking about wild herbs, such as plantain leaves, clover, scalded nettles, quinoa, wood lice, burdock, and cereal greens. And also about leafy vegetables: chard, Savoy cabbage, leafy salads, carrot tops.
Surely the housewives, who always have a bunch of fresh fragrant greens in their stock, will ask a question: is it possible to give dill or parsley to a budgie? Definitely – no! All herbs, such as dill, parsley, celery, hyssop, cilantro and others, are not suitable for birds.
Foods that should not be consumed by budgies
- Bread and all kinds of pastries;
- Raw legumes;
Do not experiment on a defenseless creature that unconditionally trusts us, and feed him food that is not suitable for him. The organism of birds is very different. What is good for humans can be detrimental to the bird. Any pet needs very little reasonable care and attention, which we can give.
How to feed budgies
Many inexperienced parrot owners are interested in how to feed budgies other than food and what are the budgies. I will try to answer in this article. The food for budgies should be varied and of high quality.
This is a very important issue and the health and longevity of a little friend will depend on how you react to this.
What eats a wavy parrot.
Parrots in natural conditions do not eat only millet, in their diet there are a variety of seeds, herbs, fruits, they can even take animal protein.
When choosing food for budgies, we must also consider that the diet should be prepared quickly enough and without any problems. After all, few people want to cook something for a bird for half an hour, otherwise there will not be enough time for themselves and their family.
How to feed a budgie
The ready-made food for the budgerigar differs from different manufacturers, but basically all of them contain millet (white, yellow, red), oats, canaries, sunflower seeds and meadow herbs.
Manufacturers can also add various vitamin supplements to food, but make sure that there are no chemicals or artificial colors. Oats in the mixture can be either peeled or not. The latter option may be better, because the parrot has at least some activity.
When buying food for parrots, you should make sure that it is fresh and unexpired. Brands of manufacturers of food for parrots I will not name. I do not have a laboratory at home, but I do not want to advertise anyone.
It is also advisable to include germinated food in the budgerigar diet. Its owners of parrots cook in different ways, I advise you to simply pour one tablespoon of oats with boiling water and strain it in thirty minutes. All sprouted food is ready. Remember that this food is wet and it spoils quickly. Therefore, after one to two hours, remove it from the cage and wash the feeder.
What do parrots eat at home
Budgerigars can survive on dry food, but for their healthy and long life you need to give fruits and greens. From fruits you can give:
Often the fruit is cut into thin slices and stuffed between the twigs of the cell. Most parrots will not immediately come to such goodies (they are careful), but later they will eat.
From greens, you can give green lettuce, dill, dandelion, spinach. For some reason, parsley is reluctant to eat. In winter, add chopped dried nettle to the feed.
It is very important that all feed is grown in environmentally friendly conditions. A budgie weighs a couple dozen grams, and a small dose of pesticides can take his life. Also do not forget to please the budgie with branches of fruit trees and willows. Just wash them well in water.
As I mentioned above, parrots (and not only budgies) can feed on animal protein. At home, it is better to use grated boiled eggs and cottage cheese. For the best “effect”, rub on the egg or cottage cheese – carrots or red beets.
Sprinkle all this with a small amount of chopped dried green, for example. nettles.
Changing the diet of budgies should be gradual, this will reduce stress and digestive upsets.
Fresh food should be given every day. Blow out the remnants of yesterday’s grain mixtures from the scales and sprinkle a new portion.
In general, you need to know how much your wards eat.
Since the budgerigar does not move much in the apartment or cage, try not to overfeed.
Now about whether to give artificial vitamins. I believe that artificial vitamins should be given only during molting, feeding chicks, severe stress, etc. And even in this case, try to do with natural vegetables, fruits and herbs.
Although parrots do not drink much, but they should have round-the-clock access to clean water (change daily).
This is useful, especially during the winter season.
You can not give budgies: alcohol, chocolate, milk, rhubarb, raw potatoes.
For a budgie, some indoor plants are poisonous: azalea, delphinium, daffodil, snowdrop, amarmlis bulbs, oleander, lily of the valley, euphorbia, diphenbachia, asparagus berries.
Now you know how to feed budgerigars other than food.
What kind of fruit can a parrot: list and feeding tips
Most owners of feathered pets offer cereal feed as their main diet. However, this is not enough to provide the body with the necessary amount of nutrients.
In nature, dry cereal feed is not the basis of the diet of birds. According to bird watchers, parrot fruits are a must-have item on the daily menu.
Here you will find the answer to the question: what kind of fruits can budgies, corellas, lovebirds, jaco, cockatoo, amazons. And also the answer to the second equally important question, which many often forget – which ones can not.
What kind of fruit can a parrot give
Apples, pears, orange, tangerines, grapefruit, bananas, grapes, peaches, apricots, plums, cherries, raspberries, currants, gooseberries, strawberries, blueberries, watermelon, melon, pineapple, kiwi – all these berries and fruits can be given to a parrot. Below are some useful tips for each of them.
- apples and pears are probably the most common fruits that can be offered to a pet year-round. It is better to remove the bones beforehand.
- citrus fruits (orange, grapefruit, mandarin) are excellent sources of vitamin C. Can be given with seeds, but be sure to peel.
- Bananas are a nutritious and tasty treat. Keep the bananas ripe (yellow). Overripe and unripe bananas should not be included in the diet. The banana peel must be removed.
- grapes – both white and black can be offered with seeds.
- raspberries, currants, gooseberries, strawberries, blueberries – various berries are ideal for the summer menu of the parrot. And for use in the winter season, freshly picked berries can be pre-frozen in reserve. Before use, the berries should be allowed to completely defrost at room temperature.
- peaches, apricots, plums and cherries are excellent fruits / berries for birds, but be sure to take out bones that contain hydrocyanic acid.
- watermelons and melons – offer only those that you yourself have tried to avoid the risk of poisoning that people have. You can give the pulp itself and the bones.
- pineapple is a healthy food containing many vitamins. Peel and core.
- Kiwi is a leader in vitamin C. It needs to be peeled.
Everything that you offer your pet should be washed thoroughly, even if they are from your environmentally friendly summer cottage. Fruits can be offered both fresh and dried. By dried is meant – own cooking.
Therefore, if you are not sure about the ripeness of papaya and mango, it is not recommended to give them.
The parrot does not eat fruit – the causes of the problem
This problem is faced by many owners. Most often, the reason that the parrot does not eat fruit is the wrong content, which leads to fear of everything new. Here are a couple of examples:
How to teach a parrot to eat fruit?
Firstly, it is worth presenting the parrot with fruits in various forms – slices, mashed in the form of large pieces and even in the form of freshly squeezed juice. Experiment and combine the form in which to present the food to the pet: rub, mix or give in the form of juice. It is worth noting that the juice is very easily absorbed in the digestive system.
For example, green juice from cabbage and dandelion is best diluted with carrots and apples. Bright orange carrot juice and its sweet taste are usually liked by parrots. Vitamin A contained in the juice boosts the immune system and is a powerful antioxidant.
Parrots are able to absorb almost 100% beta-carotene in carrot juice, against 1% percent when they eat just fresh carrots.
Secondly, eat healthy foods in front of a feathered pet yourself. The curiosity of the birds and the owner, as an example to follow, are the best components for persuasion.
Thirdly, use special accessories and holders with which you can put food in a cage. These are plastic clips and various kinds of fruit holders in the form of skewers and skewers. Such accessories can be perceived by birds as a fun toy. And the chances that your pet will just try a new product will increase.
If, with all the efforts, your feathered friend just bites off and throws away everything that you offer him – do not worry. At least a drop of juice, but in this case the parrot gets caught. Give the bird time to try a treat. Your patience, perseverance will be rewarded!
What else should include proper nutrition?
Fruit for a parrot is an extremely important and useful component of the diet, but at the same time it is only one of the components.
Remember that only a combination of these products will ensure the longevity of your pet.
What can not feed budgies?
Most owners of parrots prefer purchased food. They definitely have not added anything that cannot be used to feed budgies. Good food should be sealed.
If you notice pests, mold or an unpleasant odor in the package, you cannot feed such a budgie grain. In addition to millet, other types of seeds are included in the food of parrots. It is logical to assume that the bird can be given pumpkin and sunflower seeds, but not fried.
Roasted seeds are poisonous to parrots.
From a human point of view, eating one grain is quite boring, and you want to please your pet with something tasty. Remember: food from the master’s table is not the best treat for a parrot.
In no case should a bird be given anything greasy or fried. In addition, any human food contains salt. Parrot salt is contraindicated.
For the same reason, you can’t feed the budgerigar with bread; it contains yeast in addition to salt.
Parrots are also not allowed to milk, chocolate and alcohol. Occasionally, you can treat a bird with a piece of walnut or a couple of pine nuts. But more than once a month, this is not worth it. Nuts are too greasy food for birds.
Vegetables and fruits
To diversify the diet of a parrot with health benefits, you can use raw vegetables. Juicy feed should be 30% of the poultry diet.
Fresh and ripe vegetables are very useful for a parrot, especially carrots, turnips, pumpkin, melon, bell pepper and seeds. Only clean finely chopped fruits should be given.
In no case should you feed budgies to spoiled vegetables and fruits with a high nitrate content. The best delicacy for a parrot will be vegetables from their own garden plot.
A budgie cannot be fed green tomatoes, but ripe tomatoes on the contrary are very healthy. Do not give the budgie vegetables with a spicy taste: radish, radish, daikon, celery, onions, garlic and others. Eggplant and potatoes are also prohibited, and in the place with them are mango, papaya, avocado, persimmon. Surprisingly, exotic fruits for parrots are poisonous.
Grass and trees
Grasses and twigs of plants must be present in the budgerigar menu. But the high content of essential oils for birds is harmful. Keep dill, parsley, basil, hyssop, cilantro and other herbs. Offer the budgie clover, burdock, knotweed, leafy lettuce, carrot and beet tops, and leaf spinach.
In the summer, tree branches can be an indispensable source of vitamins for parrots. But do not rush to carry the bird cherry, oak, poplar, lilac, acacia. These trees contain toxic substances. Better if it is:
In winter, indoor plants can save your parrot from vitamin deficiency. But you should not let the bird fly and peck the flowers, if among them there are potentially poisonous. For example, chlorophytum, philodendron, euphorbia, dieffenbachia, hyacinths, ivy, heather, azalea, fern for parrots are dangerous.
Remember that budgies, in spite of all their quick wits, cannot correctly assess which food is safe for them. You can teach a bird to drink beer and eat salted crackers, but such a diet will be detrimental to the health of your pet.