- Parrot – description, characteristics, appearance
- Parrot Classification
- Where do parrots live?
- What do parrots eat?
- Breeding parrots
- Parrot – care and maintenance at home
- How to feed a parrot at home?
The parrot belongs to the class of birds, the order of the parrot-like, the family of parrots (Psittacidae). Parrots were introduced to Russia at the end of the 15th century.
Parrot – description, characteristics, appearance
A characteristic feature of the parrot is its bright color: blue, red or green, many have long crests and tails. Most species of these birds fly perfectly and climb trees. The legs of a parrot have four fingers, pairwise directed forward and backward. Poorly flying species often have a greenish color, allowing them to hide in shrubs or grass thickets. The mobile powerful and sharp hook-shaped beak of the parrot allows not only to grind the obtained food, but also serves as a bird for defense, and while traveling along the branches of trees it serves as an additional support – the “third paw”.
The weight of parrots ranges from tens of grams to kilograms. Females are usually smaller than males. How long do parrots live? Under natural conditions, the age of some species of parrots reaches 50 years, and when kept in captivity rarely exceeds 35. Parrots have a creaky, noisy voice, but the ability to onomatopoeia and well-developed memory allow them to copy the voices of other birds, animals, and even humans.
The modern classification includes more than 300 species of parrots and is divided into 5 subfamilies:
- loric – small, with bright coloring, have a special device of the language;
- owls (earthen) – flightless parrots, some species smell pleasantly of honey;
- woodpeckers – owners of a high curved beak and tail resembling the tail of woodpeckers;
- non-breeding – the most tamed and common feathered pets;
- real – a distinctive feature of these birds – a large hooked beak, a long narrow tail and areas of skin on the head, not covered with feathers.
As a result of human activities, many species of parrots are threatened with extinction, so they are listed in the Red Book.
Where do parrots live?
These motley, chirping birds live in the tropics and subtropics. More than half of all species live in Australia, almost a third part are in the countries of South and Central America, a small part lives in Africa and the countries of South Asia. In the CIS countries in vivo these birds do not live. Usually parrots live in forests, but can also be found in steppe or mountain conditions. As a home, choose abandoned termite mounds, hollows or burrows. Lead a collective lifestyle.
What do parrots eat?
The diet of parrots includes all the variety of plant foods: fruits and vegetables, nuts and crops, various berries, young tree shoots. Some species of parrots feed on pollen and nectar or dig up the roots of plants. As protein food, small insects are used.
Before mating, parrots pass mating games, after which the fertilization process occurs, which is characteristic of all birds. The female parrot lays from 2 to 9 eggs and proceeds to hatch them. The male can also participate in this process. The timing of the appearance of the chicks depends on the species and lasts from 18 days to 4 weeks.
Chicks appear blind and without feather and feather cover. Their weight does not exceed a few grams. Both the female and the male parrot are engaged in feeding and raising offspring. After the chicks learn to fly, they become independent. Parrots reach puberty at the age of 9 months to one and a half years, depending on the species.
Parrot – care and maintenance at home
Having a parrot is a great idea, because these birds seem to be created for keeping at home. Having all the necessary information, everyone will be able to provide care for the feathered pet, in which the parrot will be healthy and cheerful, and the owner will be happy.
It is better to choose a nickel-plated cage for a parrot, rectangular in shape and spacious enough so that the parrot, hanging upside down on the perch, does not touch the drinker or feeder. We must not forget about the safety of birds, so you need to take care of a reliable locking device. The "home" of the parrot should be located in a bright room, but at a distance from heaters and direct sunlight. Parrots feel great at an air temperature of 18 – 22 degrees. To ensure constant eye contact with a feathered pet, the cage is usually placed at the eye level of the wearer.
The cage should be equipped with a retractable pallet where clean river sand or small pebbles are poured, and wooden perch perches. Metal bird feeders are the most practical, but the drinker can be purchased from glass or high-quality porcelain.
Change the sand in the pan once a week. It is advisable to remove garbage, food debris and litter from the cage daily, as well as wash the drinker, clean the feeder and pour fresh, bottled or filtered water.
Once a month they carry out a general cleaning: they wash all the contaminated places with the infusion of St. John’s wort or chamomile and pour boiling water over the cage. Once every 3 months, you will need sanitization of the house with a solution of soda (2 tbsp. Per 1 liter of water).
So that the parrot does not get bored in the absence of owners, it does not fit to add to the cage entertainment: a swing, a wooden ring, as well as a bell and a mirror.
In the period of adaptation of a pet to a new home, it is necessary to exclude possible irritants: loud music, increased interest in birds of other pets and their own annoying attention. Contact with the parrot needs to be established gradually, speak in a quiet, calm voice, especially when cleaning the cage.
Parrots are birds, and they need to communicate like air, otherwise the pet can get bored and become deeply depressed. In order for the parrot to feel like a member of the family, you need to let it out of the cage more often, after closing the window leaves and closing the windows so that the flying bird does not hit the glass.
The training and enrichment of the vocabulary of a pet should be done only by one, and parrots most often favor female mentors.
How to feed a parrot at home?
In the diet of a parrot, grain mixtures of good quality must necessarily prevail. The main cereals are millet and oats, large species can be added to the diet of corn, hemp seed and sunflower. To small parrots – canary seed and medium-sized sunflower. In winter, sprouted grains rich in vitamin E and shredded young leaves of lettuce, which can be grown in containers on window sills, are added to the food of the parrot.
Vitamin feeds are added to the main diet daily, consisting of vegetables and fruits, for example, grated carrots, apples or spinach mixed with white breadcrumbs. “Street” food collected far from the freeway: clover, dandelions, wood lice, will not hurt.
A good treat for parrots is the herbal mixture, dried in a dryer or oven. Dry cereal mixtures are sometimes replaced with soft feeds: millet, rice or oatmeal porridge, low-fat cottage cheese, finely chopped boiled egg.
Chalk and charcoal, as well as branches of willow, poplar, mountain ash or aspen, should always be in the cell as mineral feed. In the water that the parrot drinks, you can add a few drops of lemon juice.
Happy owners of the Lori parrot should pay special attention to the diet of their pet, because in nature birds eat ripe fruits and nectar of tropical flowers. Therefore, initially, loris is fed with sweet cereals, fruits and honey, gradually accustoming to grain feeds.
You need to feed the parrots in the morning, preferably at the same time. Over time, each owner will learn how to calculate the amount of food so that during the day all the food is eaten, and the pet is full.