- What do parrots eat in nature
- Peculiarities of a Home-Eater
- Grain feed – the basis of the diet
- Branches of trees and shrubs for a healthy beak
- Animal proteins in the diet of a birdie
- Mineral components and vitamins
- What kind of fruits and vegetables can parrots
- Greens on the parrot menu
- What is forbidden to eat domestic parrots
When acquiring a wavy for the first time as a pet, it is important to know what the budgerigar eats at home, and how the diet differs from natural conditions. In order for the pet to live long and not get sick, it is necessary to monitor its nutrition, diversify its diet with high-quality and wholesome food.
What do parrots eat in nature
It is important to know what parrots and other small birds feed in the natural environment, so that they can provide them with everything they need at home. Wild budgerigars are nomad birds that are found freely in the arid regions of Australia.
They choose meadows and forest regions, and in rainy times they visit both farmlands and suburbs. The areas of their habitat are very arid, so parrots can not drink water for long in captivity.
In nature, small birds take:
- seeds of land plants, shrubs and trees;
- seeds of kangaroo grass;
- bark of trees and shrubs;
- Exotic fruits.
In nature, parrots find vitamins in fruits, bark, grains
Birds fly from place to place, looking for food and sources of water. Their natural food depends on the region where budgies exist in nature. As already mentioned, these are arid and semi-arid Australian regions, but feeding for small birds is also very diverse, nutritious and fortified.
Peculiarities of a Home-Eater
In addition to the standard food at home, budgies need other sources of nutrients, trace elements, and vitamins necessary for the healthy development and reproduction of vitamins.
Watch the video as the wavy eats from his hand
The issue of feeding is one of the most important for the owner. After all, the nutrition of parrots is the basis of his health and longevity, so you need to fully approach this problem.
In this article, the main components of the diet will be considered in sufficient detail. If you taught your pet to eat the right food, then in the future there will be no questions about how to feed the bird.
Grain feed – the basis of the diet
– sunflower seeds (not fried).
Also, some manufacturers add vitamins to the feed. When buying feed, you should pay attention to the packaging is intact, and the expiration date has not yet expired.
The young budgerigar at home and, especially during seasonal molting, should be fed not only with purchased grain mixtures, but also prepared independently. They are also loved by canaries, parrots, Corella, macaws. The composition of such home-made mixtures caring hosts of birds include seeds:
- meadow grasses;
Try not to feed parrots at home with something that is not available to them in nature, for example, fried seeds
Fried seeds should not be given to birds. When feeding budgies and other small birds at home, the standard daily seed rate is determined – these are 2 teaspoons per day.
Many birds eat only certain types of seeds, but you can’t increase them in a grain mixture.
Diluting the daily mixture with various goodies and supplements can harm your pet.
Among the owners of parrots (especially budgerigars), there is sometimes an opinion that there is enough grain feed for their birds. However, it is not.
Branches of trees and shrubs for a healthy beak
The diet should not be limited to grains. It’s no secret that all birds really like to nibble something, and this “something" is far from always useful for them (wallpaper, plaster, ceiling plates, etc.). That is why many owners of birds put tree branches in their cells.
It should be noted that branches should not be torn along highways, rubbish bins and factories – such wood is not safe for a budgerigar.
It is best to go after them to the forest or the nearest park. Preference should be given to branches of birch, alder, chestnut, willow. Do not give a bite to the branches of conifers (due to the content of tannins in them) and poplar (due to the absorption of toxic substances from the atmosphere).
The poultry is not averse to feasting every day also on the bark of twigs:
3) apple trees;
Treat your pet with a branch of viburnum (berries themselves can be given as well, but in small quantities)
For a change, the pet is offered twigs of citrus trees, chestnut, mountain ash, pear, viburnum. For novice breeders who still have not learned much that parrots eat in nature, it is worth knowing that they can not pick up branches of acacia, elderberry, lilac, which can poison a bird.
Before giving the branches to the bird, they must be soaked for several hours in cold water and then doused with boiling water.
Animal proteins in the diet of a birdie
In addition to plant foods, about which much has been said above, animal proteins can and should be added to the diet. Here, preference can be given to grated boiled egg or low-fat cottage cheese.
Animal proteins are very important at home; the budgerigar eats most protein-containing foods with pleasure. This is the main supplementary feed of animal origin, including a lot of vitamins and minerals that are absent in plant-based feed.
Protein should be given to the bird daily during nesting, seasonal molting, breeding of small chicks, otherwise, once a week is enough.
Try to feed in a variety of ways: don’t just limit yourself to grains.
They give such perishable food daily fresh and remove the remnants of the previous one, which quickly decays and can cause illness. Often separate feeders are prepared for animal food. Of the most common and harmless additives for wavy animal protein, there are:
1. Boiled chicken egg. Parrots are especially eager to eat at home with yolk containing the highest concentration of vitamins and essential organic substances.
The egg is also rich in minerals: iron, iodine, potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, bromine. It is cooked for birds, which are kept at home, hard-boiled and finely chopped.
Lovers of budgies make soft egg mixtures for their pets, adding white crackers, grated fresh beets, carrots, semolina to the egg. It’s useful to add a couple of drops of fat to a tablespoon of protein feed. As a rule, a wavy eats such food if it is taught to him immediately.
2. Fat-free cottage cheese – a source of healthy protein, important for bird health. It includes magnesium and essential vitamins, as well as lactic acid, phosphorus, the necessary iron, and potassium. Such a product is given to the bird fresh and crumbly.
Poisoning causes an acidified product. It is allowed to add semolina to cottage cheese.
3. Fish oil includes vitamin A and D, which is necessary for a feathered friend’s phosphorus and a rare element – iodine. A couple of droplets of it are stirred in grain feed.
4. Gammarus or flour worms – nutritious protein feeding for parrots. In the wild, wild birds rarely eat insects, but such components must be included for proper home care.
Mineral components and vitamins
Mineral supplements are needed to provide the body with trace elements that are necessary for the formation of skeleton bones.
Sepia (part of the skeleton of cuttlefish), which is an excellent source of calcium, must be in the cell. Chalk for birds or pre-boiled and dried egg shells is also well suited.
For those who only learn that they are still eating a parrot at home, you should also know about some mineral fertilizing:
1. Bone meal. Together with egg shells, it is a source of phosphorus and strengthening bones and feathers of calcium. Such additives are added to bird sand or wet feed mixtures.
2. Small pebbles with sand. In vivo, wild parrots eat these components with other foods. In the poultry stomach, they mechanically grind food and aid digestion and enzymatic breakdown.
Sealed packs of sand for birds are sold everywhere. It is forbidden to use plain sand from beaches or construction sites, as there is a risk of infection with parasites.
3. Charcoal. In nature, budgerigars get it from the bark of trees. It contains important trace elements.
It is ground and sprinkled with birds along with a shell of eggs and sand. It removes heavy compounds, poisons and gases from the organs of a feathered friend.
What kind of fruits and vegetables can parrots
The diet of parrots should include fruits and vegetables – they are an important component of the diet of your feathered pet, as they contain vitamins and minerals.
The most useful for pets will be apples, plums, bananas, pears, strawberries, kiwi, pumpkin, corn, carrots or beets. Do not give your pet any spicy and spicy vegetables, as well as potatoes and eggplant (due to the content of solanine in them).
A small amount of fruit is good for a bird
Each feathered owner needs to know what other parrots eat besides food when they are kept at home. Their proper diet in nature includes exotic fruits, for example, kiwi or all kinds of wild berries. In the menu of wavy house birds it is better to add:
steamed or dried berries (lingonberries, blackberries, raspberries, blueberries, mountain ash, cranberries);
cherries or cherries;
green salad or spinach;
different varieties of cabbage;
It is important to remember that all the vegetables and fruits that you will give your bird should be fresh, thoroughly washed and not contain any pesticides or other chemicals that could cause permanent damage to the health of your friend.
Greens on the parrot menu
Greens will never hurt parrots. For those who have not yet fully studied the question of how to feed domestic budgies, it is worth knowing that such complementary foods will not harm the birds, if introduced daily. All grass should be well washed and fresh. Parrots love to eat:
young leaves of fruit trees and cereals;
beet tops and carrots;
green leafy salads.
Do not disdain greens – this is a natural product
Dill, parsley, celery, cilantro and other fragrant and spicy herbs are forbidden to the wavy. Juicy greens replenish water reserves in nature. At home, they change water daily, without thinking how much a parrot can live normally without water. Wild birds can withstand long intervals between fluid intake, but at home, water should be given fresh daily.
What is forbidden to eat domestic parrots
In the menu of small birds it is forbidden to include fresh bread crumb, only in the form of crushed crackers, as well as salt, milk, chocolate and other sweets, soups, fried, flour products. This does not mean that the bird will refuse to eat this food, but it will lead to metabolic disturbances, obesity and even premature death of the bird. Human food is not suitable for birds. Only a well-chosen menu guarantees the health of a wavy pet for many years.