- Basic principles of nutrition of budgies
- Feeding subspecies
- Grain mixes as the basis of bird nutrition
- What is the use of germinated grains for a budgie?
- Juicy Parrot Food
- Nutritional Supplements for Thistles
- What should not be in the diet of birds: a list of prohibited foods
- Water as an essential component of nutrition
At home, decorative birds receive all the nutrients from human hands. Therefore, you need to make your pet’s diet in such a way that the proposed feed contains all the necessary elements to maintain the vital functions of the body. How to do this, than to feed a budgie so that it is strong and healthy – we will consider in more detail.
Basic principles of nutrition of budgies
The composition of the feed must necessarily include proteins that provide vital activity and participate in various metabolic processes. To maintain energy and the formation of fat, the intake of carbohydrates is important. A large role is given to vitamins A, D, E, K, group B and others.
Minerals are involved in the formation of egg shells, skeleton bones. Their birds are obtained from herbs, fruits, mineral additives. The necessary components include water.
What can be given to a budgie besides a feed list
All elements must arrive in a certain balance. Both a deficiency and an excess of one of them not only causes a disruption in the functioning of the body, but also leads to improper assimilation of other substances, to a feathered friend’s disease.
The type and amount of food in the diet depends on the age of the parrot and activity. So, individuals living in cells require less of it than with enclosures.
They are divided into the following groups:
- grain mixture;
- juicy greens;
- animal origin;
- vitamin and mineral supplements.
Parrots belong to the herbivorous representatives of the fauna. At home, the basis of nutrition for them is a mixture of seeds of various herbs. The remaining supplements supplement the diet.
Budgerigar food at home
Grain mixes as the basis of bird nutrition
What is included?
The most significant part, up to 50-60%, is millet of different varieties. This is the cheapest type of seed that contains mainly carbohydrates. Red millet is poorly pecked by parrots, however, its presence is also necessary due to the abundance of carotene in the composition. Smaller, most protein-rich, canary and oilseeds. The oats content in the mixture limits 30% of its volume, otherwise the pet will suffer from constipation.
Daily Grain Parrot Feed
The wavy should receive about two teaspoons of grain per day, i.e. about 12-15 grams. It is advisable to divide it in equal parts for morning and evening.
If we talk about individual types of seeds, then their approximate amount (in grams) in a daily portion is as follows:
What do budgerigars eat
- millet – 10.0;
- canary seed – 1.0;
- oats – 5.0;
- crushed kernels of sunflower – 1.0;
- oatmeal – 2.0;
- wheat – 1.0;
- hemp – 1.0;
- barley – 2.0;
- flaxseed – 2.0.
Purchased or homemade – which is better?
You can cook cereal feed yourself. If you manage to grow the necessary plant crops in environmentally friendly conditions, you have the skill to determine the maturity of seeds and harvest, then your pet is very lucky. Otherwise, it makes no sense to separately purchase the ingredients for subsequent mixing. The products of the most popular brands are already balanced in composition for the needs of the pet, often contains seeds of crops that cannot be found in their pure form.
What is the use of germinated grains for a budgie?
In the wild, budgerigars feed on all kinds of shoots, immature seeds most of the time. Food from seedlings as close as possible in composition to their natural diet. In the process of nucleation of a plant inside the grain, its biochemical composition changes, the content of B and E vitamins increases, enzymes are formed that improve the digestion process.
It is especially important to supplement the diet with seedlings during the breeding season. However, if there is no certainty that it will be possible to maintain the necessary quality of the product, it is better to refuse this supplement altogether. If the technology is not followed, dangerous microorganisms and fungi easily start up in it. Igor Ignatenkov
How to cook food from seedlings?
For its preparation, it is recommended to take unpeeled oats and mixed grain feed in a 1: 1 ratio. After washing, the composition is filled with water, infused for about a day. Then unsuitable pop-up grains are removed, and the remaining ones are thoroughly washed and poured into a sieve. It is installed above the dishes with the next portion of the mixture so that the evaporating moisture moisturizes its contents. After 24 hours, these seeds are transferred to a seedling box for a day at a temperature of about 22 degrees. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the seedlings and the cleanliness of the tray so that mold does not form.
How to feed a budgie if run out of food
Juicy Parrot Food
Vegetables and greens in a pet’s diet
The pet needs fresh greens all year round. Plants such as:
- plantain large or holly;
- wood lice
- young nettle;
- unripe oats or millet.
It is imperative to monitor the environmental cleanliness of the collection site, the absence of nearby roads, factories, and construction sites. You can replace these herbs with salad, valerian, spinach, beetroot leafy, as well as greens of carrots, celery, parsley.
The value of such food lies in its richness in vitamins and minerals. You can not give it to the birds at night because of the low content of nutrients, the difficulty of assimilation of coarse fibers in the composition.
What vegetables can be given to budgies?
Juicy foods enriched with nutrients also include vegetables. Grated root vegetables in raw form: carrots or beets are happy to eat birds. It is good to make a mash of eggs and bread crumbs out of them. You can treat your pet with chopped cabbage leaves, mashed pulp from pumpkin, zucchini or zucchini. It is permissible to give a feathery cucumber to a pet, but only its middle part, sweet pepper.
List of vegetables harmful to parrots
The danger to the bird is the inclusion in the diet:
- celery root;
Fruits and berries as an element of nutrition
Volnushki love to enjoy the fruits of trees and shrubs. Cut into small pieces, they can be inserted between the bars of the cage or mixed in the form of salads. In autumn and winter, dried fruits will be a good feed supplement for granivorous birds. They are stored in a dry place, and scalded with boiling water before use.
What is the use of fruit nutrition?
They are rich in vitamins, trace elements. Most fruits are very juicy – well make up for fluid loss by the body. Fiber in their composition improves digestion. In addition, this is an excellent natural delicacy that will delight a feathered friend, diversify his diet.
Allowed and prohibited fruits and berries
The diet of a parrot includes apricot, plum, pear, apples. Thrills also love cherries, raspberries, wild strawberries, viburnum, mountain ash, black currants, grapes, sea buckthorn, wild rose. Adult parrots sometimes ignore bananas, but young individuals eat them well.
What do budgerigars eat
Avocados, mangoes, papaya or persimmons should not be consumed due to the high content of essential oils and tannins in them. Fruits from trees are necessarily produced without seed, and bananas, citrus fruits, all purchased fruits are peeled.
Nutritional Supplements for Thistles
Feathered birds should be given fresh branches of maple, aspen, oak, linden, poplar, and mountain ash. It is a source of trace elements and vitamins, and they are also needed for grinding beak. Previously, the branch must be inspected for insects, cleaned from sharp knots, rinsed.
Mineral and vitamin top dressing
The mixture is poured into a separate feeder and must be available to the bird at all times. The parrot will feel when its body needs additional substances. It is also possible to suspend sepia or crayon in a cage, which the birds nibble with great pleasure.
How to feed a budgie if run out of food
It is advisable to satisfy the pet’s needs for vitamins by offering vegetables, fruits, greens. In autumn and winter, many birds experience a shortage of important compounds. At this time, the introduction of synthetic additives into the diet becomes relevant. Strictly follow the dosage and follow the instructions so as not to cause serious harm to the health of the pet. It’s better to do without artificial preparations, and to dry berries by winter, give carrots, apples for food, grow greens on the windowsill all year round.
Millet is used by a parrot in the form of crumbly porridge, especially necessary when feeding chicks. You can also cook it during this period from oat, rice or wheat groats.
What should not be in the diet of birds: a list of prohibited foods
You can’t thoughtlessly feed a bird with food from a human table. It is contraindicated to give smoked, fried, canned or confectionery, coffee, alcohol, chocolate, mushrooms to a feathered friend. Do not expose the bird food to microwave radiation, salt, add sugar to it. Before offering a new meal, you should always ask yourself the question: "Is there something similar in the diet of wild parrots?" If there is no confidence in this, it is better not to experiment with the health of the pet.
What should be in the diet of a parrot
Water as an essential component of nutrition
She participates in all life support processes, is part of the cells and tissues of organs. The need for water increases if the bird is fed exclusively with a grain mixture, and decreases slightly when consuming succulent feed. The budgie needs more fluid at a temperature of diarrhea.
Of great importance is not only the amount of drink, but also its quality. The fluid consumed by the bird should be at room temperature, fresh, clean, free from harmful impurities. It is best to offer undiluted bottled water without gas. The tap needs to be filtered and allowed to infuse. It is necessary to change it daily and at the same time thoroughly clean the drinkers.